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Books by Alumni
>> For inclusion in "Books by Alumni," please send the book's name, author, publisher, field, and a short synopsis to the Books Editor, University of Chicago Magazine, 1313 E. 60th St., Chicago, IL 60637, or by e-mail: uchicago-magazine@uchicago.edu.


ART AND ARCHITECTURE
Peter H. Selz, AM'49, PhD'54, Nathan Oliveira (University of California Press). This monograph discusses the contributions to painting, printmaking, and sculpture by contemporary American artist Nathan Oliveira.

Annabel Jane Wharton, AM'69, Building the Cold War: Hilton International Hotels and Modern Architecture (University of Chicago Press). Wharton examines how Conrad Hilton used his hotels in postwar Europe and the Middle East "to show the countries most exposed to Communism the other side of the coin." Exploring the architectural means by which Hilton executed his vision, she critiques one of the Cold War's first international businesses and argues that Hilton's role in the struggle against Communism was significant in ways he could not have imagined.

Richard Younker, AB'63, Chicago People (University of Illinois Press). Younker's photodocumentary, more than 70 images taken between the early 1970s and the late 1990s, shows Chicago residents living on the edge or close to it.

BIOGRAPHY AND LETTERS
George W. Liebmann, JD'63, Six Lost Leaders (Lexington Books). Liebmann profiles the work of six forgotten figures from both sides of the Atlantic-Octavia Hill, William Glyn-Jones, Mary Richmond, George William Brown, Mary Parker Follett, and Bryan Keith-Lucas-who worked for civic causes from national health to housing management.

BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS
M. V. Lee Badgett, AB'82, Money, Myths, and Change: The Economic Lives of Lesbians and Gay Men (University of Chicago Press). Badgett explores the economic lives of U.S. gays and lesbians while debunking myths about gay privilege, income, and consumer behavior.

Annette D. Bernhardt, AM'88, PhD'93; Martina Morris, AM'86, PhD'89; Mark S. Handcock, PhD'89; and Marc A. Scott, Divergent Paths: Economic Mobility in the New American Labor Market (Russell Sage Foundation). The authors discuss trends in today's job market and examine workers' prospects for upward mobility, in particular documenting the divide between workers on the move and the growing numbers caught in the low-wage trap.

Bernard K. Gordon, PhD'59, America's Trade Follies: Turning Economic Leadership into Strategic Weakness (Routledge). Gordon analyzes several U.S. economic policies including the recent emphasis on "regionalism." He argues that a Free Trade Area for the Americas would harm the U.S. and that regionalism in East Asia would be harmful to all.

David P. Lerman, AB'80, Exchange Traded Funds and E-Mini Stock Index Futures (John Wiley and Sons). This book explains what Lerman considers the two most successful financial products launched in the past ten years-exchange-traded funds and e-mini stock index futures. Lerman presents case studies, strategies, and asset-allocation guidelines for investors with long- or short-term horizons.

CRITICISM
Marjorie Schecter Hellerstein, AM'47, Virginia Woolf's Experiments with Consciousness, Time, and Social Values in Her Fiction and Essay-Books (Edwin Mellen Press). Hellerstein examines how Virginia Woolf resolved many stylistic paradoxes in her writing, such as how to write prose and yet discharge some of the function of poetry.

Philip C. Kolin, AM'67 (editor), Othello: New Critical Essays (Routledge). This collection of 20 essays covers a broad spectrum of historical and theoretical topics including the production of race, marriage and gender roles, and textual history.

Jon D. Solomon, AB'72, The Ancient World in the Cinema: Revised and Expanded Edition (Yale University Press). The second edition of this survey of more than 400 movies set in ancient Greece, Rome, Egypt, Persia, and Babylon analyzes the balance between historical authenticity and modern popularity. Solomon looks at films from the 1890s to the recent Gladiator.

Willie Tolliver Jr., AM'76, PhD'96, A Self among Others: Henry James as a Biographer (Garland Publishing). Tolliver uses James's ideas about biographical form to analyze James's two full-length biographies of author Nathaniel Hawthorne and sculptor William Wetmore Story. Tolliver argues that James should be recognized as an innovator in the genre.

EDUCATION
Berenice M. Fisher, AB'58, AM'60, No Angel in the Classroom: Teaching through Feminist Discourse (Rowman and Littlefield). A feminist theoretical analysis of the practical problems encountered in teaching women's studies and related social-justice topics in higher education, this book addresses issues such as the status of knowledge, authority, caring, safety, and difference in the classroom. Fisher's autobiographical introduction discusses how her many years at Chicago affected her thinking on this topic.

Solomon Friedberg, SM'79, PhD'82, Teaching Mathematics in Colleges and Universities: Case Studies for Today's Classroom (American Mathematical Society). This volume is for graduate students teaching university-level mathematics.

Vivian Gussin Paley, PhB'47, In Mrs. Tully's Room: A Childcare Portrait (Harvard University Press). Paley's visits to this center show how childcare providers combine teaching ability and emotional responsiveness to help young children learn words, concepts, stories, and how to manage their emotions.

FICTION AND POETRY
Henry S. Maas, PhD'48, Poems New & Selected (Wallace Crescent Press). Maas's latest collection includes 100 new poems written since 1996 as well as poems published in earlier books.

HISTORY/CURRENT EVENTS
Ben Fallaw, AM'91, PhD'95, Cárdenas Compromised: The Failure of Reform in Postrevolutionary Yucatán (Duke University Press). Drawing on archival materials, both official and popular, Fallaw gives a political and institutional history of urban and rural labor in Mexico's Yucatán region during the 1934-40 regime of Mexican president Lázaro Cárdenas.

Amir Sumaka'i-Fink, AM'01, and Jacob Press, Independence Park: The Lives of Gay Men in Israel (Stanford University Press). Fink and Press present a collection of 12 personal narratives, representing a cross-section of gays in contemporary Israeli society.

Benjamin Fortna, PhD'97, Imperial Classroom: Islam, the State, and Education in the Late Ottoman Empire (Oxford University Press). Fortna provides a many-sided history of education under the Ottoman Empire in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Using a range of primary materials, he reveals a mix of Western and indigenous influences.

Mark S. Micale, and Paul F. Lerner, AB'88 (editors), Traumatic Pasts: History, Psychiatry and Trauma in the Modern Age, 1870-1930 (Cambridge University Press). These essays trace the origins of the debate among modern European and American physicians, psychologists, and lay critics on the subject of trauma. The essays provide perspectives on "traumatic" experiences-from rail and factory accidents in the late 19th century through WW I and its aftermath.

Zane L. Miller, PhD'66, Visions of Place: The City, Neighborhoods, Suburbs, and Cincinnati's Clifton, 1850-2000 (Ohio State University Press). Treating theories about cities and their suburbs and neighborhoods as the dynamic factors in the experience of Cincinnati's Clifton neighborhood, Miller examines the changes in Clifton's social, physical, civic, and political structure stemming from these transforming notions.

David M. Pletcher, AB'41, AM'41, PhD'46, The Diplomacy of Involvement: American Economic Expansion across the Pacific, 1784-1900 (University of Missouri Press). Pletcher examines the conflicts and connections between trade and investment and U.S. foreign policy. He argues that American economic expansion across the Pacific was not a deliberate drive for hegemony but rather a halting movement carried out against opposition and indifference and besieged by setbacks and failures.

Henry D. Sokolski, AM'80, Best of Intentions: America's Campaign against Strategic Weapons Proliferation (Praeger). Sokolski details the American government's post-1945 efforts to prevent the international proliferation of missiles and nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons.

David G. Surdam, AM'87, PhD'94, Northern Naval Superiority and the Economics of the American Civil War (University of South Carolina Press). Surdam offers an unconventional analysis of the Union's naval blockade. He questions methods used to evaluate the strength of the 3,500-mile siege line, disputes earlier interpretations of the blockade's impact, and explores previously unexamined aspects of the tactic as he argues for the effectiveness of the Union naval effort.

David Wetzel, AM'74, PhD'76, A Duel of Giants: Bismarck, Napoleon III, and the Origins of the Franco-Prussian War (University of Wisconsin Press). Drawing on personal memoirs, official records, cabinet minutes, journalistic accounts, private notes, and public statements, Wetzel examines the events leading up to the Franco-Prussian War.

Richard S. Wortman, AM'60, PhD'64, Scenarios of Power: Myth and Ceremony in Russian Monarchy, vol. 2 (Princeton University Press). Wortman studies how myth, ceremony, architecture, and the printed word influenced Russian monarchical rule from Peter the Great to 1917.

POLITICAL SCIENCE AND LAW
Christopher K. Ansell, AM'86, PhD'93, Schism and Solidarity in Social Movements: The Politics of Labor in the French Third Republic (Cambridge University Press). Ansell analyzes the interplay between organization, ideology, and political mobilization in the Third Republic French labor movement.

Jonathan E. Osborne, AB'80, MBA'83, Miss Liberty's Guide to Film and Video: Movies for the Libertarian Millennium (Kingscote Publishing). Osborne reviews some 250 libertarian-themed films-from Harry's War to The Fountainhead-touching on subjects such as free speech, drug laws, taxation, sexual liberty, and immigration.

Norma J. Thompson, PhD'91, The Ship of State: Statecraft and Politics from Ancient Greece to Democratic America (Yale University Press). Thompson discusses the development of political thought from Homer to Machiavelli, Tocqueville to Gertrude Stein. Citing key texts by these and other thinkers, she highlights one particular theme: that the health of organized political communities-from the ancient polis to the modern state to contemporary democracy-requires a balance of masculine and feminine qualities.

PSYCHIATRY/PSYCHOLOGY
Ned L. Gaylin, AB'56, AM'61, PhD'65, Family, Self and Psychotherapy: A Person-Centered Perspective (PCCS Books). Gaylin offers an individual-centered look at family as the essential element of society and explores the human need to be interconnected and its implications for both individual and family therapy.

Julie K. Norem, AB'82, The Positive Power of Negative Thinking: Using Defensive Pessimism to Harness Anxiety and Perform at Your Peak (Basic Books). Norem describes the "defensive pessimism" strategy and its uses.

RELIGION AND PHILOSOPHY
Kenneth R. Atkinson, MDiv'94, An Intertextual Study of the Psalms of Solomon: Pseudepigrapha (Edwin Mellen). Atkinson gives the first English commentary in more than a century on this collection of Jewish poems from the first century B.C. about the Roman conquest. The book includes a reconstructed Greek text, historical commentary, and a discussion of the text's uses of Scripture.

Charles E. Butterworth, AM'62, PhD'66, (translator) Alfarabi, The Political Writing: "Selected Aphorisms" and Other Texts (Cornell University Press). The collection of four newly translated texts by the tenth-century political philosopher Alfarabi.

Ikuo Higashibaba, AM'87, Christianity in Early Modern Japan: Kirishitan Belief and Practice (Brill Academic Publishers). In this history of Christianity in 16th- and 17th-century Japan, Higashibaba examines religious expressions of the Japanese.

Jeffrey L. Kosky, AM'90, PhD'96, Levinas and the Philosophy of Religion (Indiana University Press). Placing contemporary philosopher Levinas in relation to Hegel and Nietzsche, Husserl and Heidegger, and Derrida and Marion, Kosky examines the religious themes in Levinas's work and offers philosophers of religion a way to think and speak about ethics and morality.

Kathryn M. Kueny, AM'88, PhD'95, The Rhetoric of Sobriety: Wine in Early Islam (SUNY Press). Drawing on an array of revelatory, legal, historical, and exegetical materials from the early Islamic period, Kueny analyzes the rhetoric used to establish rules about drinking.

Thomas M. Landy, AM'86 (editor), As Leaven in the World: Catholic Perspectives on Faith, Vocation, and the Intellectual Life (Sheed & Ward). These essays examine the interaction of faith and work, envisioning Catholicism as a cultural force that shapes morality, the arts, creativity, cultural conversation, social justice, spirituality, and vocation. The authors encourage teachers and intellectuals to take seriously their work of teaching others how to understand and engage the world from a Catholic perspective.

Muhsin S. Mahdi, PhD'54, Alfarabi and the Foundation of Islamic Political Philosophy (University of Chicago Press). Using works previously known only through medieval bibliographical references, Mahdi demonstrates how tenth-century political philosopher Alfarabi founded political philosophy within medieval Islam and laid the foundation for a new understanding of religion and pagan Greek political philosophy.

Charles T. Mathewes, AM'92, PhD'97, Evil and the Augustinian Tradition (Cambridge University Press). Mathewes argues that the "family biography" of Augustinian moral and religious reflection remains a viable way to face the challenges of evil and tragedy.

John W. Mauck, JD'72, Paul on Trial: The Book of Acts as a Defense of Christianity (Nelson Reference). The New Testament Book of Acts, Mauck asserts, was originally written to defend the Apostle Paul in his trial before the Roman Emperor Nero.

Douglas F. Morgan, AM'81, PhD'92, Adventism and the American Republic: The Public Involvement of a Major Apocalyptic Movement (University of Tennessee Press). Morgan discusses the historical development of Adventism's complex role in American public life in connection with the Seventh-Day Adventist Church's prophecy belief that points to an apocalyptic demise of freedom.

Jeffrey A. Trumbower, AM'84, PhD'89, Rescue for the Dead: The Posthumous Salvation of Non-Christians in Early Christianity (Oxford University Press). Trumbower examines the belief during the first five centuries of Christianity that non-Christian dead could turn toward God and receive God's grace. He shows how those beliefs gradually were declared heretical, especially in the West, under the influence of Augustine.

Michael V. Wedin, AM'67, PhD'71, Aristotle's Theory of Substance: The Categories and Metaphysics Zeta (Oxford University Press). Despite the seemingly incompatible accounts of substance in the two treatises, Wedin argues that Aristotle's theory was in fact consistent.

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Richard O. Rouse III, SB'95, Game Design: Theory & Practice (Wordware Publishing). Rouse focuses on how developers can design games to ensure titles have the best gameplay possible. Key topics include game balancing, storytelling, player motivations, and level design. The book also includes analyses of five classic games-Centipede, Tetris, Loom, Myth: The Fallen Lords, and The Sims.

Stephen H. Wilson, PhD'72, Information Arts: Intersections of Art, Science, and Technology (MIT Press). Wilson examines where art and biology, robotics, artificial life, particle physics, space science, telecommunications, and information visualization intersect, exploring areas likely to have future cultural impact.

SOCIAL SCIENCES
Nachman Ben-Yehuda, AM'76, PhD'77, Betrayals and Treason: Violations of Trust and Loyalty (Westview Press). Ben-Yehuda presents a unified social theory of betrayals.

Charles E. Butterworth, AM'62, PhD'66, and I. William Zartman (editors), Between the State and Islam (Cambridge University Press). To counter the attention given to how Islam affects or threatens to affect politics in the Middle East, the authors argue that Muslims often live without regard to religious strictures or state authority.

Stephen P. Cohen, AB'57, AB'58, AM'59, India: Emerging Power (Brookings Institute). Cohen evaluates India as a political and strategic power. Giving several indicators of India's long-term stability, he argues that the U.S. should form a closer relationship with the nation.

Hector R. Cordero-Guzman, AM'89, PhD'95, Robert C. Smith, and Ramón Grosfoguel (editors), Migration, Transnationalization, and Race in a Changing New York (Temple University Press). The contemporary immigration experience in New York City, writes Cordero-Guzman, is a product of economic globalization and transnationalization, demographic change, and the city's evolving racial, ethnic, and gender dynamics.

Peter Dreier, AM'73, PhD'77, John Mollenkopf, and Todd Swanstrom, Place Matters: Metropolitics for the Twenty-First Century (University Press of Kansas). The authors argue that economic segregation and the growing sprawl of American cities and suburbs are not solely the result of individual choices in free markets but rather have been shaped by short-sighted government policies.

Patrick C. Hogan, AM'80, The Culture of Conformism: Understanding Social Consent (Duke University Press). Hogan analyzes the political, economic, social, emotive, and cognitive factors that lead people to accept and even support oppressive social structures.

Efraim Inbar, AM'76, PhD'81, The Israeli-Turkish Entente (King's College London Mediterranean Studies). Examining the closeness between Israel and Turkey, Inbar explains its timing, present substance, and impact on the region. He evaluates the Israeli-Turkish entente's resilience in light of domestic and international constraints and argues that despite its potential limitations, common interests are likely to make the entente endure.

Berel D. Lerner, AM'82, Rules, Magic and Instrumental Reason: Peter Winch's Philosophy of the Social Sciences (Routledge). Lerner critiques English philosopher Peter Winch's writings on the philosophy of social sciences, noting Winch's tendency to overlook the role and diversity of technology in human life and society. The appendix examines how Winch's philosophy connects with the controversy between Chicago professor Marshall Sahlins and Gananath Obeyesekere regarding Captain James Cook's Hawaiian adventures.

Lambert Maguire Jr., AM'71, Clinical Social Work: Beyond Generalist Practice with Individuals, Groups, and Families (Wadsworth Publishing). This text for clinical social-work students and practitioners describes systems-based interventions, case management, group and family treatment, and psychodynamic, behavioral, and cognitive therapy.

Kathleen D. McCarthy, AM'73, PhD'80 (editor), Women, Philanthropy, and Civil Society (Indiana University Press). The contributors examine the role of female philanthropy in shaping nongovernmental organizations, civil society, and women's political and religious culture worldwide.

Frederic G. Reamer, AM'75, PhD'78, Tangled Relationships: Managing Boundary Issues in the Human Services (Columbia University Press). Reamer provides a comprehensive analysis of "boundary issues," an emerging topic in the human-services field. Exploring the complex relationship between practitioner and client, he offers practical risk-management guidelines to help human-services professionals prevent problematic situations such as intimate contact and outside social interaction.

Thomas J. E. Walker, PhD'83 (editor), Illusive Identity: The Blurring of Working Class Consciousness in Modern Western Culture (Lexington Press). This collection of six essays, including one by Walker, gives a transnational exploration of the evolution of working-class consciousness within modern Western culture, tracing how the rise of popular culture blurred the definition and dulled the influence of class identity in Europe and the U.S. during the 19th and 20th centuries.

Gilbert Joseph, Anne Rubenstine, and Eric S. Zolov, AM'90, AM'90, PhD'95 (editors), Fragments of a Golden Age: The Politics of Culture in Mexico Since 1940 (Duke University Press). This collection of 16 essays by contributors from music, tourism, television, theater, unions and other sources gives a cultural history of the vibrant, post-1940 Mexico.

Correction: In the December/01 "Books by Alumni," Elizabeth A. Trembley, AM'86, PhD'91, was mistakenly listed as author of The Guide to United States Popular Culture (Bowling Green State University Popular Press); she coedited the Mystery and Detective Fiction material of the work. The Magazine regrets its error.

TRAVEL AND LEISURE
Chuck J. Washington, MBA'69, Michelangelo: In the Footsteps of the Master, An Account of Michelangelo's Life and Art for the Traveler (Advantage Publishing). This travel guide includes a biography of Michelangelo and provides descriptions of his art and their locations, focusing on Florence, Tuscany, and Rome.


For inclusion in "Books by Alumni," please send the book's name, author, publisher, field, and a short synopsis to the Books Editor, University of Chicago Magazine, 1313 E. 60th St., Chicago, IL 60637, or by e-mail: uchicago-magazine@uchicago.edu.



  FEBRUARY 2002

  > > Volume 94, Number 3


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Physics for breakfast
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