The University of Chicago Magazine June 1995
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God of Will (see Religion and Philosophy)


Richard Buchanan, AB'68, PhD'73, and Victor Margolin, editors, Discovering Design: Explorations in Design Studies (University of Chicago Press). Essays by scholars in fields including psychology and political theory show how design studies developed as an interdisciplinary field. The contributors focus on shaping design as a subject matter, distinguishing the activity of designing in the complex world of action, and addressing questions of value and responsibility.


Alfred S. Bradford, AM'66, PhD'73, Some Even Volunteered: The First Wolfhounds Pacify Vietnam (Praeger, The Greenwood Publishing Group). Bradford recounts his experiences with the 1/27th Infantry in Vietnam during the late 1960s, ending with an evaluation of the war.

Jackie Joyner-Kersee and Lindsey Johnson, AB'81, A Woman's Place is Everywhere (MasterMedia). Aimed at young adults, this book profiles 30 women leaders from different careers, cultural backgrounds, and generations -- from Elizabeth Dole to Whoopi Goldberg.

Dan Levin, PhD'64, From the Battlefield (Naval Institute Press). Levin's World War II memoir combines his dispatches as a Marine combat correspondent, poetry written during pauses in combat, excerpts from his war novel Mask of Glory, and reflections on the war's nature and meaning.

Nathaniel E. Reich, MD'32, A Renaissance Man at Large (Rivercross Publishing). Reich -- a cardiologist, author, painter, and poet -- documents his travels on six continents, including meetings with heads of state and tribal leaders.

Frank Sanello, AB'74, Tom Cruise: The Billion Dollar Man (Taylor Publishing). Sanello's unauthorized biography follows Cruise from childhood to film stardom.

William Brand Simpson, X'48, Special Agent in the Pacific, WWII: Counter-Intelligence -- Military, Political, and Economic (Rivercross Publishing). Among the first U.S. soldiers to enter Manila and Tokyo, Simpson provides an account of his experieces as a counter-intelligence agent at the close of WWII and during the early post-war period.

Robert Wokler, AB'64, Rousseau (Oxford University Press). Wokler argues that Rousseau's philosophy of history; theories of music and politics; fictional, educational and religious writings; and even his botany were inspired by his visionary ideals of self-realization in freedom.


Michael F. Jacobson, AB'65, and Laurie Ann Mazur, Marketing Madness: A Survival Guide for a Consumer Society (Westview Press). Taking a critical look at American commercialism -- including the battle between private consumption and social welfare, ads for harmful items like alcohol and tobacco, sex in advertising, and marketing in public schools -- the authors examine the effects of marketing and suggest ways to avoid and combat consumerism.

Donald Kirk, AM'65, Korean Dynasty: Hyundai and Chung Ju Yung (M. E. Sharpe). The author traces the 40-year rise of Hyundai from a sidestreet garage to an international corporate giant, including a study of Chung and his family, Korean wartime construction, factories and labor strife in "Hyundai City," new enterprises, and Chung's attempt to win the 1992 Korean presidential election.

Bruce Thatcher, MBA'66, The Telecom Manager's Desk Reference (Thompson Publishing). This guide is designed to help telecommunications managers in mid- to large-size organizations rein in costs, improve network reliability, and run more efficient operations.


Michael J. Curley, PhD'73, Geoffrey of Monmouth (Twayne Publishers). In analyzing the career of medieval British historian Geoffrey of Monmouth, who introduced the Arthurian legend and contributed greatly to British historiography and cultural myth, the author provides biographical and background material and discusses each of Geoffrey's works.

Philip C. Kolin, AM'67, editor, Titus Andronicus: Critical Essays (Garland Publishing). This anthology includes essays, reviews, articles, and book excerpts by critics from the 18th century to the present. Every major critical approach to the play is represented, including feminist, cultural, Marxist, performance theory, biographical, and deconstructive.

Marty Roth, AM'57, PhD'65, Foul and Fair Play: Reading Genre in Classic Detective Fiction (University of Georgia Press). Roth begins by reading a wide range of texts as variations on a relatively tight set of conventions of character, gender and sexuality, and narrative style and setting. He then discusses the convoluted epistemology of mystery and detective fiction, depending as it does on other major intellectual developments of the late 19th century.

Claude J. Summers, AM'67, PhD'70, and Ted-Larry Pebworth, editors, The Wit of Seventeenth-Century Poetry (University of Missouri Press). These essays show the centrality of wit to 17th-century English poetry, raising questions of thematics and authorial intent and investigating a wide spectrum of cultural practices.


Vivian Gussin Paley, PhB'47, Kwanzaa and Me: A Teacher's Story (Harvard University Press). U of C Lab Schools teacher Paley sets out to examine the multicultural classroom, speaking with educators, parents, and students of all races, and including her own experiences as a teacher. She concludes that recent moves toward self-segregation reflect an ongoing frustration with racism and an abiding need for a nurturing community.

Stanton E. F. Wortham, AM'88, PhD'92, Acting out Participant Examples in the Classroom (John Benjamins Publishing). Drawing on linguistic pragmatics and interactional sociolinguistics, the author describes the linguistic mechanisms used in participant examples -- descriptions, meant to illustrate a point, of events that include at least one person in the conversation.


Scott Borg, X'70, Water Hazard (Delacorte). This novel is simultaneously a thriller and a phenomenological exploration of personal cognitive discontinuities, employing insights derived from German idealist philosophy, mathematical logic, and French existentialism.

Arnold Klein, AB'74, Monica (Browntrout Publishers). Using the rhymed couplet as a unit of comic narration, Klein tells the contemporary story of a love-starved millionaire, a beautiful young art student, a morose inventor, and their object of desire.

Ned Munger, SB'43, SM'48, PhD'51, Rwanda: A Fascinating Story of Man and Gorilla in Africa's Mountains of the Moon (Thompson-Shore). Munger's semi-autobiographical novella emphasizes the closing gap between humans and apes and the restraints imposed by racism and sexism.

Nathaniel E. Reich, MD'32, Reflections (Fine Arts Press). Reich's poems are accompanied by his own paintings.

Cynthia Sternau, AB'79, and Martin H. Greenberg, editors, The Secret Prophecies of Nostradamus (Daw Books). Twelve authors offer fictional interpretations of Nostradamus' prophetic quatrains.


Elizabeth Langland, AM'71, PhD'75, Nobody's Angels: Middle-Class Women and Domestic Ideology in Victorian Culture (Cornell University Press). Comparing the position of real women with their status as "household angels," the author explores the image of femininity in Victorian culture. From her readings of 19th-century fiction, etiquette guides, home-management manuals, and cookbooks, Langland concludes that, their power veiled in myth, middle-class women mastered skills that enabled them to support a rigid class system and simultaneously set the stage for a feminist revolution.


Lawrence E. Cutler, MD'80, and Douglas Winter, Gold Coins of the Old West: The Carson City Mint, 1870-1893 (Bowers and Merena). A systematic study of the numismatic characteristics of each date and denomination of gold coin minted in Carson City, NV, is accompanied by histories of the Comestock Lode, U.S. coinage laws, Virginia City, and the Carson City Mint.

Abraham Doron, AM'61, In Defense of Universality: A Challenge to Israel's Social Policies (The Magness Press). Doron discusses Israel's welfare state and social services -- and the political debate and value clashes they provoke. He argues that universal social provisions are needed to prevent the isolation of vulnerable population groups in separate categories of poor people.

Joshua A. Fogel, AB'72, The Cultural Dimension of Sino-Japanese Relations (M. E. Sharpe). Fogel examines the modern relationship between China and Japan from several angles, focusing on cultural ties. The book first addresses issues in Chinese history raised in Japanese academic circles, and the impact of those circles in China. The second section looks at Japanese travelers in China, Japanese researchers of the Southern Manchurian Railway Company, and the development of Japanology in China.

Andrea Leonard, AB'47, A Crocker Genealogy (Heritage Books). Leonard's book traces the descendants of her ancestor William Crocker, a deacon who arrived in Massachusetts in 1634, to the 14th generation. Leonard includes several indices and information to help track families related to the Crockers.

Antonio McDaniel, PhD'89, Swing Low, Sweet Chariot: The Mortality Cost of Colonizing Liberia in the Nineteenth Century (University of Chicago Press). In the early 19th century, thousands of emancipated and freeborn blacks from the U.S. traveled to Africa to colonize the area now called Liberia. McDaniel presents a systematic study of the move's sociological and demographic impact on the migrants.

Frank J. Piehl, PhD'52, The Caxton Club 1895-1995: Celebrating a Century of the Book in Chicago (The Caxton Club). In conjunction with the centennial of the club -- a group of Chicago bibliophiles -- Piehl wrote this history of the Caxton Club, including a bibliography of its publications and biographies of particularly active members.

Barnett R. Rubin, AM'76, PhD'82, The Fragmentation of Afghanistan: State Formation and Collapse in the International System (Yale University Press). Rubin analyzes the 14-year civil war in Afghanistan, showing how one of the cold war's final conflicts led to one of the first post-cold war cases of state disintegration.

Michael N. Salda, AB'80, AM'82, PhD'88, La Bibliothèque de François Ier au Château de Blois (Bibliothèque Municipale de Blois/Presses Universitaires de France). Salda asks how books were arranged on the shelves in one of the largest libraries in early Renaissance France and what conclusions can be drawn about Renaissance intellectual categories based on the way the library was organized.

Judith Lynn Sebesta, AB'68, and Larissa Bonfante, The World of Roman Costume, (University of Wisconsin Press). These 13 essays and 160 illustrations show how costume offers insight into Roman concepts of rank, gender, and status; social institutions; and self-identification. Topics include the symbolism of the toga, bridal wear, jewelry as status symbol, and costume as geographic indicator.

Robert Southard, PhD'74, Droysen and the Prus-sian School of History (University Press of Kentucky). The Prussian School of History first predicted and advocated, then celebrated and defended, the unification of Germany by Prussia. Tracing the school's origins and ideas, Southard argues that Prussian School historians believed that history was a continual unfolding of God's plan and expected history to complete its main tasks in their own time and country.

Arthur W. Thurner, AM'54, PhD'66, Strangers and Sojourners: A History of Michigan's Keweenaw Peninsula (Wayne State University Press). Thurner has written a social history of communities that developed in Michigan's Upper Peninsula after copper deposits were discovered in the 1840s. The roles of immigrants, migrants, Native Americans, African Americans, and women are documented, as well as the rise and decline of the copper industry and a controversial labor movement.

Margaret Joyce Wiener, PhD'90, Visible and Invisible Realms: Power, Magic, and Colonial Conquest in Bali (University of Chicago Press). In 1908, the ruler of the Balinese realm of Klungkung and more than 100 members of his family and court were massacred when they deliberately marched into the fire of the Dutch colonial army. Wiener challenges colonial and academic claims that Klungkung had no "real" power, arguing that such claims enabled colonial domination.

Thomas A. Wilson, AM'79, PhD'88, Genealogy of the Way: The Construction and Uses of the Confucian Tradition in Late Imperial China (Stanford University Press). This work critiques the ideologically exclusionary conception of the Confucian tradition and how claims to possession of the truth came to serve power. Wilson analyzes issues such as the formation of the Confucian canon and its installation in the civil-service examinations, the enshrinement of the sages and worthies in the Confucian temple, and the emergence of the genre of the Confucian anthology in late imperial China.


Robert G. Bartle, SM'48, PhD'51, The Elements of Integration and Lebesgue Measure (John Wiley & Sons). The first part of this book is a corrected reprint of an earlier version, dealing with the Lebesgue theory of the integral, based on abstract measure spaces. The second part presents the construction of Lebesgue measure in finite dimensional Euclidean spaces.


Ronald A. Cass, JD'73; Colin S. Diver; and Jack M. Beermann, JD'83, Administrative Law: Cases and Materials (Little, Brown). Intended for the classroom, this casebook places administrative-law problems -- including separation of powers, standards and availability of judicial review, rule-making and adjudicatory procedures, business licensing, freedom of information, and private actions against government officials -- in regulatory and political context.

Richard H. Chused, JD'68, Private Acts in Public Places: A Social History of Divorce in the Formative Era of American Family Law (University of Pennsylvania Press); editor, A Property Anthology, (Anderson Publishing). The first book examines more than 1,300 petitions for divorce filed in Maryland during the first half of the 19th century, showing the connections between politics, regional differences, and the development of American family law. The second book is a reader for first-year property students and contains background material from a variety of fields, including economics, history, and jurisprudence.

Paul Eidelberg, AM'57, PhD'66, Demophrenia: Israel and the Malaise of Democracy (Prescott Press). "Demophrenia," a term coined by the author, is used to mean the application of the democratic priniciples of freedom and equality to ideological conflicts in which one party rejects those principles. Using this paradigm, Eidelberg argues that the policies of Israel's government in the Arab-Jewish conflict are ineffectual.

Edward Shannon LaMonte, AM'68, PhD'76, Politics and Welfare in Birmingham, 1900-1975 (University of Alabama Press). LaMonte explores the relationship between politics and welfare programs in Birmingham during four periods of 20th-century development, paying particular attention to efforts to achieve a more harmonious biracial community. He argues that in the 1960s and 1970s, the Alabama city fundamentally broke with its past as an increasingly active local government assumed greater public responsibilities and a new pluralism, based on the principles of greater citizen participation, arose.

David Mayers, AM'76, PhD'79, The Ambassadors and America's Soviet Policy (Oxford University Press). Mayers examines past U.S.-Soviet relations through three topics: U.S. ambassadors in Moscow, American response to life in the U.S.S.R., and cold-war diplomacy at the Moscow embassy.

Carol Nackenoff, AM'74, PhD'80, The Fictional Republic: Horatio Alger and American Political Discourse (Oxford University Press). Nackenoff argues that Alger was a keen observer of the dislocations and economic pitfalls caused by rapid industrialization of the U.S. As class distinctions grew stronger, Alger maintained that Americans could still belong to one estate, and Nackenoff examines how Alger's self-help formula continues to shape political discourse.

John Henry Schlegel, JD'67, American Legal Realism and Empirical Social Science (University of North Carolina Press). Empirical research was integral to American legal realism, a movement in legal thought in the 1920s-30s. Documenting realist scholars' efforts to challenge the notion that the study of law was a matter of learning rules and how to manipulate them, Schlegel explores why the empirical research these scholars espoused did not, finally, become part of American law-school curricula.

Kenneth W. Thompson, AM'48, PhD'51, editor, Governance V: Institutions and Issues (University Press of America). The fifth volume in the Miller Center's series on governance compares its structure and functions on different levels. Contributors examine such topics as the role of speechwriters in executive leadership, political reform and Congress, and the authority of Supreme Court decisions.


Paul C. Holinger; Daniel Offer, MD'57; James T. Barter; and Carl C. Bell, Suicide and Homicide among Adolescents (Guilford Press). The authors argue for a marriage of public- and mental-health approaches to study and prevent adolescent suicide and homicide. The book presents data, discusses problems with that data, and offers interpretive frameworks.


Herbert Anderson and Susan B. W. Johnson, AM'78, Regarding Children: A New Respect for Childhood and Families (Westminster John Knox Press). Examining the spiritual and emotional dimensions of raising children, the authors suggest how to identify what children need and what families, church, and society should provide for their children's sake.

Randall C. Bailey, AM'72, and Jacquelyn Grant, editors, The Recovery of Black Presence: An Interdisciplinary Exploration (Abingdon). Divided into sections on biblical and theological studies, these essays examine theological disciplines and explore the implications and contributions of Afrocentric thought for those disciplines.

Jeffrey Andrew Barash, AM'73, PhD'82, Heidegger et son siècle: Temps de l'Etre, temps de l'histoire (Presses Universitaires de France). Through analysis of Heidegger's thought in relation to major philosophical and theological currents of his time, the author proposes a method of analysis that places Heidegger's own theory of historical interpretation in a critical perspective.

Lois K. Daly, AM'80, PhD'84, editor, Feminist Theological Ethics (Westminster John Knox Press). This reader offers persepectives -- ranging from womanist to ecofeminist -- of more than 20 female scholars who consider the task of changing society's assumptions about women as women challenge our culture's traditions and explore ways for people to live together in the modern world.

Lakme Batya Elior, AB'81, and Gershon Winkler, The Place Where You Are Standing Is Holy: A Jewish Theology on Human Relationships (Jason Aronson). Based on sources from the Old Testament and the Babylonian and Jerusalem Talmuds, the authors explore the individual and societal implications of brit, or "covenant," versus "contract" as the foundation for relationships with nature, with God, and with each other.

Millard J. Erickson, AM'58, Concise Dictionary of Christian Theology (Baker Book House). Erickson defines more than 2,900 terms from Roman Catholic, Protestant, Orthodox, and Jewish traditions. In addition to standard theological terms are entries on relevant events and documents, philosophical terms, and 300 theologians.

Nancy Auer Falk, AM'63, PhD'72, Women and Religion in India: An Annotated Bibliography of Sources in English 1975-92 (New Issues Press). Falk has assembled 1,015 titles by Indian and Western authors on topics from Indian women's status under religious law codes to reform movements and ritual practices.

Eugene Garver, AB'65, PhD'73, Aristotle's Rhetoric: An Art of Character (University of Chicago Press). Arguing for the importance of the Rhetoric in understanding current philosophical problems of practical reason, virtue, and character, Garver treats the work as philosophy and connects its themes with parallel problems in Aristotle's Ethics and Politics.

Michael Allen Gillespie, AM'75, PhD'81, Nihilism before Nietzsche (University of Chicago Press). Gillespie reconstructs nihilism's intellectual and spiritual origins before Nietzsche gave it its determinative definition, arguing that nihilism is not the result of the death of God, as Nietzsche believed, but rather the consequence of a new concept of God: a god of will who overturns all eternal standards of truth and justice.

Donald E. Gowan, PhD'64, Theology in Exodus: Biblical Theology in the Form of a Commentary (Westminster John Knox Press). Gowan's study asks one major question of Exodus: What does this book say about God? He then traces major affirmations about God through the rest of scripture and into the theologies of Judaism and Christianity.

Daryl Koehn, AB'77, AM'83, PhD'91, The Ground of Professional Ethics (Routledge Press). Using texts from philosophy, history, sociology, and economics, the author argues that professionals' actions are morally legitimate if and when they conform to the terms of the public pledge made by professionals to aid actual and potential clients.

James P. Scanlan, AB'48, AM'50, PhD'56, editor, Russian Thought after Communism: The Recovery of a Philosophical Heritage (M. E. Sharpe). Ten scholars examine the resurgence of interest in pre-revolutionary Russian religious and secular philosophy in Russia's newly open intellectual marketplace. Included are essays on early Russian critics of Marx, the present-day significance of Slavophile thought, and the philosophies of Nicolas Berdyaev and other figures suppressed during the Soviet period.


Aaron Ben-Ze'ev, PhD'81; and Robert F. Goodman, editors, Good Gossip (University Press of Kansas). In this anthology, scholars from several disciplines consider aspects of gossip -- humor, logic, privacy, feminism, history, and reputation -- and suggest that gossip has unexpected virtues.

Philip K. Bock, AM'56, editor, Handbook of Psychological Anthropology (Greenwood Press and Praeger). An overview of the relationship between psychology and anthropology, this book pays special attention to what may be universal and what is culturally influenced in human behavior.

Mark Busse, AM'78, Susan Turner, and Nick Araho, The People of Lake Kutubu and Kikori: Changing Meanings of Daily Life (Papua New Guinea National Museum and Art Gallery). This book shows how the construction of Papua New Guinea's first oil project affected life in the Lake Kutubu and Kikori areas. Considerations of the history of Western influence and the changing meanings that objects and customs have had for the local people provide a sense of contemporary life.

Tomoko Hamada and Willis E. Sibley, AM'53, PhD'58, editors, Anthropological Perspectives on Organizational Culture (University Press of America). This book presents the papers of anthropologists concerned with contemporary domestic culture and society, including major organizational structures and forms.

June Helm, PhB'44, AM'50, PhD'58, Prophecy and Power among the Dogrib Indians (University of Nebraska Press). Based on ethnographic fieldwork in a subarctic Indian society, this study situates the Dogrib prophet movement of the late 1960s within both aboriginal and Christian traditions; explores the significance of the three Dogrib prophets' contrasting personalities in shaping their practice of prophecy; and, through native narratives, reveals the aboriginal concept of magical "power."

John Kultgen, AM'47, PhD'52, Autonomy & Intervention (Oxford University Press). Kultgen argues that while it is sometimes necessary to intervene in others' lives for their protection or benefit, guidelines must be established so that such care is respectful and balanced. Revising paternalism, the author renames it parentalism, abandoning patriarchal connotations.

Fred B. Lindstrom, AB'38, AM'41, PhD'50; Ronald A. Hardert; and Laura L. Johnson, editors, Kimball Young on Sociology in Transition, 1912-1968: An Oral Account by the 35th President of the ASA (University Press of America). Young's oral history is a parallel account of what the scholar saw as sociology's transition from dogma to empiricism and of his own transition from a Mormon community to the larger secular world.

V. Suchitra Mouly and Jayaram K. Sankaran, PhD'89, Organizational Ethnography: An Illustrative Application in the Study of Indian R&D Settings (Sage Publications). The authors introduce organizational ethnography as a viable mode of inquiry into organizations and demonstrate its potential by using it to study Indian R&D settings. Through ethnographic data, they argue that federal R&D is ineffective in India, especially when compared with private-sector R&D.


Charlotte Digregorio, AM'79, Your Original Personal Ad: The Complete Guide to Expressing Your Unique Sentiments to Find Your Dream Person (Civetta Press). This step-by-step guide offers 100 sample personal ads and includes phrases to use -- and to avoid.

Orin Hargraves, AB'77, Culture Shock! Morocco (Times Editions). This book explains the complexities of Moroccan culture with chapters covering history, society, language, food, hospitality, business, and leisure. It also includes a guide to practical aspects of settling in Morocco: finding a house, establishing a bank account, and starting a business.

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