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John W. Dixon, Jr., PhD'53, The Christ of Michelangelo (Scholars Press). Arguing that the figure of Christ is the key to understanding Michelangelo's art, the author examines the Sistine Chapel, the Medici Chapel, and Michelangelo's late Christological drawings.

Herbert L. Kessler, AB'61, Studies in Pictorial Narrative (Pindar Press). Nineteen of Kessler's essays form three sections: The first, "Pictures and Scripture," considers how medieval pictorial representations interact with holy writ; the second, "Pictures in Scripture," deals with ways of constructing meaning in depictions within the texts they illustrate; and the third, "Pictures as Scriptures," treats pictorial cycles not associated with the texts they serve-primarily monumental narratives in the Synagogue at Dura Europos and on the walls of Italian churches.

Kathlyn Maureen Liscomb, AM'76, PhD'84, Learning from Mount Hua: A Chinese Physician's Illustrated Travel Record and Painting Theory (Cambridge University). A study of a travel record written and painted by a 14th-century Chinese physician who climbed China's Sacred Mountain of the West, the book includes an analysis of the physician's painting theory in relation to his work as a medical scholar and in relation to texts by other art theoreticians.


Sue Davidson, AM'49, A Heart in Politics (Seal Press). This is the second book in The Women Who Dared series, a line of multicultural biographies written for middle- and high-school readers. Davidson profiles Jeannette Rankin, the first woman elected to Congress, and Patsy Takemoto Mink, JD'51, the first woman of color elected to Congress, who served 12 years in the 1960s and 1970s and was elected again in 1992.

Josephine Mirabella Elliott, PhB'32, AM'35, editor, Partnership for Posterity: The Correspondence of William Maclure and Marie Duclos Fretageot, 1820-1833 (Indiana Historical Society). This collection of letters traces the relationship between Maclure, an educational reformer and "the father of American geology," and Fretageot, a French educator. Letters and illustrations also give insight into the American West, reformers and reform movements, and political events of the time.

James M. Greiner, Janet L. Coryell, and James R. Smither, AB'82, editors, A Surgeon's Civil War: The Letters and Diary of Daniel M. Holt, M.D. (Kent State University Press). These reminiscences provide an insider's look at battlefield medicine-camp life, army politics, and medical difficulties-in addition to commentary on slavery and national events. Holt served with the 121st New York Volunteer Army from 1862 to 1864.

Marian Kleinsasser Towne, AM'58, Bread of Life: Diaries and Memories of a Dakota Family, 1936-1945 (Marian Kleinsasser Towne). Excerpts from the diaries of the author's father, John P. Kleinsasser-a South Dakota Hutterite Mennonite farmer, rural school teacher, state legislator, and community leader-are augmented by some of his speeches and correspondence and by Towne's semi-fictional autobiographical accounts.


John Antos, MBA'76, Activity-Based Management (John Wiley & Sons). Antos' work discusses case studies of activity-based management, a corporate strategy designed to help businesses detect cost drivers, pinpoint problems, empower workers, define strategic goals, and satisfy customers.

Mildred L. Culp, AM'74, PhD'76, Be WorkWise: Retooling Your Work for the 21st Century (Unique Books). Culp seeks to help readers achieve job satisfaction in today's changing marketplace.

Gloria Cunningham, PhD'76, Effective Employee Assistance Programs: A Guide for EAP Counselors and Managers (Sage Publications). Based in part on interviews with practitioners, the book provides a focus on the core counseling responsibilities required to help employees with problems of personal and family life, chemical dependency, and work-related stress. It is aimed at students and professionals interested in worksite-based counseling programs.

Daniel Lauber, AB'70, Professional's Private Sector Job Finder, Non-Profits' Job Finder, and Government Job Finder (Planning/Communications). In three books, Lauber lists more than 5,000 job sources, describing job hotlines, specialty periodicals, job-matching services, job databases, and directories for job vacancies that are not advertised.

Lloyd Shefsky, JD'65, Entrepreneurs Are Made Not Born (McGraw-Hill). Shefsky identifies the qualities needed to become an entrepreneur and offers a crash course on how to nurture them, basing his advice on his own experience and that of the more than 200 businesspeople he interviewed.


Linda Walvoord Girard, AM'66, Young Frederick Douglass, the Slave Who Learned to Read (Albert Whitman). For children 6 and older, this picture book tells how Douglass taught himself to read despite laws forbidding it, becoming the foremost black leader of his time. The author emphasizes white fear of slave literacy and the racism present in the North as well as in the South.


Walter A. Davis, PhD'69, Get the Guest: Psychoanalysis, Modern American Drama, and the Audience (University of Wisconsin Press). Through a detailed reading of five great modern American plays, Davis calls for a more penetrating look at drama's psychological impact on the audience, arguing that theater, as a potential threat to social order, expresses the secrets and discontents of its audience.

James F. English, AM'81, Comic Transactions: Literature, Humor, and the Politics of Community in Twentieth-Century Britain (Cornell University Press). This interpretation of modern British humor in social, historical, and political terms considers how jokes carry ideas of social consequence and become "comic transactions" among contending social classes and groups. English argues that such transactions have answered both to conservative needs for reaction, domination, and denial and to radical ideals of subversion and progressive resistance.

Richard Newhauser, AM'72, The Treatise on Vices and Virtues in Latin and the Vernacular (Brepols Publishers). Newhauser outlines the genre of the treatise on vices and virtues, its historical development, and its importance within the body of medieval religious literature. The book serves as a guide for future research, drawing attention to the relevance and utility of this area of study.

John Taggart, AM'66, Songs of Degrees: Essays on Contemporary Poetry and Poetics (University of Alabama Press) and Remaining in Light: Ant Meditations on a Painting by Edward Hopper (State University of New York Press). The first book, a collection of 19 essays on several American experimental poets, traces the origins and evolution of this experimental tendency in recent poetry and develops new theoretical tools for reading and appreciating such works. The second book is a critical examination of Hopper's painting A Woman in the Sun. Each meditation, informed by Derrida's conception of the supplement, is both about the painting and about the nature of the reading process.


Ronald M. Cervero, AM'75, PhD'79, Planning Responsibly for Adult Education: A Guide to Negotiating Power and Interests (Jossey-Bass Publishers). The author explores ways in which educators can anticipate how power relations are likely to support or constrain a democratic planning process, then respond in ways that nurture such a process.

Rheta DeVries, PhD'68, and Betty S. Zan, Moral Classrooms, Moral Children: Creating a Constructivist Atmosphere in Early Education (Teachers College Press). The authors draw on and extend the work of Jean Piaget, arguing that constructivist education must provide for children's social and moral development. They offer solutions to establishing this kind of classroom atmosphere and discuss the theoretical foundation of their approach.

Barry M. Franklin, MAT'69, From "Backwardness" to "At-Risk": Childhood Learning Difficulties and the Contradictions of School Reform (State University of New York Press). Paying particular attention to the preference for putting low-achieving children in segregated classes, Franklin examines efforts by 20th-century public-school administrators and private philanthropy to better provide for children with learning difficulties.


Fred Marchant, AM'74, PhD'81, Tipping Point (Word Works). Winner of the 1993 Washington Prize in poetry, this book is a meditation on a continuum of American violence-from domestic strife to the Vietnam and Persian Gulf wars. Central to the work is a series of poems about the author's conscientious objection to the Vietnam War while serving as a Marine Corps officer.


Wayne Kritsberg, John Lee, and Shepherd Bliss, THM'69, DMN'71, A Quiet Strength: Meditations on Men and Masculinity (Bantam Trade). The authors explore how men express their creativity, sensuality, and spirit, using quotations from men and women of all cultures and eras and offering suggestions for daily living.

Rose L. Glickman, PhD'67, Daughters of Feminists (St. Martin's Press). Winner of the American Book Award from the Before Columbus Foundation, the book contains Glickman's interviews with 50 young women of diverse social, racial, and geographic backgrounds on issues central to their mothers' feminist perspective: work, family life, friendship, sexuality, self-image, public and private roles, racism, and the word feminist.

Joanne Meyerowitz, AB'76, editor, NOT June Cleaver: Women and Gender in Postwar America, 1945-1960 (Temple University Press). This collection of 15 revisionist essays challenges the white, middle-class, suburban-housewife stereotype of postwar women by examining women's work and activism and pointing out contradictions and ambiguities in postwar concepts of gender.


Carl Abbott, AM'67, PhD'71, The Metropolitan Frontier: Cities in the Modern American West (University of Arizona Press). Drawing on history, social science, and literature, Abbott describes the explosive urbanization of the American West since World War II. The book explores patterns of economic growth, politics, and city planning in the West and argues that western cities have been leaders in the emergence of the new American cityscape.

Marc Bermann, AB'82, Lukurmata: Household Archaeology in Prehispanic Bolivia (Princeton University Press). Household archaeology and community- and regional-settlement information form the basis for a local perspective of Andean prehistory in this evolutionary study of Lukurmata, a pre-Columbian community in highland Bolivia. Bermann traces changes in domestic life, household ritual, ties to other communities, and mortuary activities, as well as household adaptations to overarching political and economic trends.

Helen Clifford Gunter, AB'24, Navy WAVE: Memories of World War II (Cypress House Press). Through her reflections and letters, Gunter-one of the first members of the Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service-provides a look at servicewomen in wartime. The book also includes archival photos, personal snapshots, original cartoons, and a glossary of Navy terms.

Robert H. Holden, PhD'86, Mexico and the Survey of Public Lands: The Management of Modernization, 1876-1911 (Northern Illinois University Press). Few events have been more crucial to the history of modern Mexico than the division of its public lands. Holden offers a systematic study of the public-land surveys of prerevolutionary Mexico, demonstrating that the private survey companies were the agents and beneficiaries of the greatest single movement of public property in Mexico's history.

Leonard H. Lesko, PhD'69, Barbara Switalski Lesko, AB'62, AM'65, and William A. Ward, AM'55, co-authors and -editors, Pharaoh's Workers: The Villagers of Deir el Medina (Cornell University Press). Examining the village of the artisans and civil servants who created and decorated the royal tombs at Thebes-the only well-documented community yet uncovered from ancient Egypt-six Egyptologists cover topics ranging from wages to literary tastes, from ethnicity to personal liberty.


Barry G. Rabe, AM'80, PhD'85, Beyond NIMBY: The Politics of Hazardous Facility Siting in Canada and the United States (Brookings Institution). The "not-in-my-back-yard" syndrome frequently blocks the construction of unpopular waste-treatment and -disposal facilities. Rabe offers a solution, emphasizing extensive public participation, commitment to voluntary siting arrangements, formal distribution of waste-management responsibility across multiple communities, and integration of waste-management with waste-prevention strategies.


Donald A. Gregory, Charles W. Saber, and Jon D. Grossman, AB'77, co-authors, Introduction to Intellectual Property Law (BNA Books). Designed for executives, managers, legal generalists, and inventors, the book presents an overview of the legal aspects of patents, trademarks, and copyrights. Citations to key decisions are given throughout the book as a starting point for further research.

Sanford N. Katz, JD'58, Walter O. Weyrauch, and Frances Olsen, Family Law-Legal Concepts and Changing Human Relationships (West Publishing Company). The authors attempt to bridge theory and practice in family law and also to place family law within a broader range of legal theory by drawing on feminist legal theory, critical legal studies, and other strands in contemporary jurisprudence.

Irving M. Mehler, JD'53, and Martha Faulk, The Elements of Legal Writing (Macmillan Press). This guide explains the principles of writing clear, concise, and persuasive legal documents.

Huey L. Perry, AM'73, PhD'76, Blacks and the American Political System (University Press of Florida). The author examines the character, magnitude, and impact of black political participation three decades after the height of the civil-rights movement, discussing the presidency, Congress, the Supreme Court, and special-interest groups.

Kenneth W. Thompson, AM'48, PhD'51, editor, Presidents and Arms Control (University Press of America). The first volume in the W. Alton Jones Foundation series addresses the milieu of arms-control agreements, the ratification process of treaties by the Senate, the potential role and limitations of the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, and the prospects for arms control and nonproliferation in Europe.

Edward M. Wise, AB'56, editor, Criminal Science in a Global Society: Essays in Honor of Gerhard O. W. Mueller (Fred B. Rothman & Co.). These essays by 19 international scholars of criminal law and criminology honors Gerhard O. W. Mueller, JD'53, former head of the United Nations Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice program and a pioneer in fields concerned with criminal justice and the increasing globalization of crime.


Robert S. Ellwood, AM'65, PhD'67, The 60s Spiritual Awakening (Rutgers University Press). Ellwood recalls the changes in religious life during the 1960s: religion's role in presidential elections and in the civil-rights and antiwar movements, the results of the Second Vatican Council, the emergence of Death of God theology, and religion's impact on the counterculture. He interprets the changes as a shift from an institutionally determined outlook to a subjective experience of the divine.

Morris B. Margolies, AM'47, A Gathering of Angels: Angels in Jewish Life and Literature (Ballantine). Margolies, a rabbi, traces the idea of angels throughout Jewish history, concluding that bad and good angels represent the temptations life presents and the strength required to withstand them.

Roy D. Morrison II, AM'67, PhD'72, Science, Theology and the Transcendental Horizon: Einstein, Kant and Tillich (Scholars Press). Seeking to illuminate central issues in the problems of reality and of knowledge and its limits, Morrison argues that humans seek more knowledge and cosmic certainty than are available, and, in an effort to satisfy these needs, they often incorporate two mutually incompatible methods in a single worldview.

Steven Schroeder, AM'76, PhD'82, A Community and a Perspective: Lutheran Peace Fellowship and the Edge of the Church, 1941-1991 (University Press of America). Studying the impact of the Lutheran Peace Fellowship on the social teaching of the Lutheran church in the United States, the author documents the organization's development as a case study of the relationship between the church's fringe and the majority.

Mark H. Shale and George W. Shields, PhD'81, co-editors Science, Technology, and Religious Ideas (University Press of America). The 11 essays, including one by Shields, cover such topics as the implications of anthropic cosmology, paraconsistent logics, and new assessments of the religious contexts of historical figures like Galileo and Robert Boyle.


Jan E. Dizard, AM'64, PhD'67, Going Wild: Hunting, Animal Rights, and the Contested Meaning of Nature (University of Massachusetts Press). Drawing on interviews with resource managers, animal-rights advocates, hunters, and environmentalists, the author examines a recent clash over a proposed deer hunt on the largest public watershed in Massachusetts.

Richard Louis Edmonds, PhD'83, Patterns of China's Lost Harmony (Routledge). With rapid demographic and economic growth, the current environmental degradation in China has antecedents beginning centuries ago. Edmonds combines historical documentation with contemporary assessment to determine the degree of human effect upon vegetation, soils, water, air, and wildlife.

R. N. Sansbury, AB'60, Geomagnetism as Gravity Measured by Magnetic Materials: The Finite or Infinite Speed of Gravity and Light (ICP Press). Drawing on classic papers on the speed of light, the author discusses the conflict between Roemer's measurement and modern ephemeris data. Sansbury argues that Cassini's original criticism of Roemer's measurement is vindicated and that the measurements of Michelson and others can be interpreted as resulting from the cumulative effect of rapidly changing instantaneous forces at a distance.

C. Bruce Stephenson, SB'49, SM'51, The Music of the Heavens: Kepler's Harmonic Astronomy (Princeton University Press). Challenging critics who characterize Kepler's theories of harmonic astronomy as "mystical," Stephenson offers a thorough technical analysis of the music Kepler thought the heavens made and the logic that led him to find musical patterns in his data.


Carl Abbott, AM'67, PhD'71, co-editor, Planning the Oregon Way: A Twenty-Year Evaluation (Oregon State University Press). In 1973, Oregon adopted the nation's first statewide system for comprehensive land-use planning. Contributors to this book discuss the origins, development, and influence of the Oregon system and evaluate its effects on such concerns as affordable housing, farmland conservation, and efficient urban transportation.

David Forbes, AB'71, False Fixes: The Cultural Politics of Drugs, Alcohol, and Addictive Relations (State University of New York Press). Arguing that substance abuse and addictive relations are cultural patterns being debated in political terms, Forbes examines everyday culture, school-based substance-abuse prevention programs, and the addiction- recovery movement.

Norman Johnston, AM'51, Eastern State Penitentiary: Crucible of Good Intentions (Philadelphia Museum of Art). Pennsylvania's Eastern State Penitentiary, one of the most historically significant prisons in the United States, has been described as the country's first architectural export. The author describes the penological and architectural antecedents of the prison, which was the Quaker response to the scandals of early-19th century penology and which became a model for most penitentiary systems in Europe until World War II.

Reed Larson, PhD'79, and Maryse H. Richards, AM'84, PhD'84, Divergent Realities: The Emotional Lives of Mothers, Fathers, and Adolescents (Basic Books). The authors set out to demonstrate that dysfunction in the contemporary family often arises from differences in emotional structure that family members are unable to bridge.

Stephen J. Kunitz and Jerrold E. Levy, AM'56, PhD'59, co-authors, Drinking Careers: A 25-Year Study of Three Navajo Populations (Yale University Press). The study results verify the authors' initial hypothesis that young men who would have been classed as alcoholic often stop or moderate their drinking as they age; their results also show considerable diversity in patterns of alcohol use among women and men. The authors present data on alcohol-related mortality rates and describe changes in treatment programs.

James Hill Parker, AM'61, Social History and the Dynamics of Belief (University Press of America). In an attempt to determine if, and how, social history can be examined, Parker argues that social history is essentially ideology used by people to justify themselves.

Richard J. Parmentier, AM'76, PhD'81, Signs in Society: Studies in Semiotic Anthropology (Indiana University Press). Using semiotic tools proposed by Charles Sanders Peirce, the author examines the relationship between social action and theoretical discourse in two ethnographic case studies based on fieldwork in Micronesia. He also draws semiotic parallels in cultures separated by space and time.

Thomas A. Sebeok, AB'41, Signs: An Introduction to Semiotics (University of Toronto Press). Part of a series designed to promote interaction between research and theory in semiotics, the communication sciences, and the cognitive sciences, Sebeok's book offers introductory examples and analysis.

For inclusion in "Books by Alumni," please send the name of the book, its author, its publisher, and a short synopsis to the Books Editor, University of Chicago Magazine, 5757 Woodlawn Ave., Chicago, IL 60637, or by E-mail:

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