The University of Chicago Magazine Feb 1995
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Mark P. Freeman, PhD'86, Finding the Muse: A Sociopsychological Inquiry into the Conditions of Artistic Creativity (Cambridge University Press). Exploring the lives of a group of aspiring American artists schooled in the mid-1960s, this book focuses on problems and prospects of creativity as they relate to such issues as the mystique of the artist, the place of the art market in constructing artistic identity, the challenge of establishing an artistic community, and the limits and possibilities of modern and postmodern art.


Christopher Clausen, AM'65, My Life with President Kennedy (University of Iowa Press). Clausen's autobiographical book explores the relations between public and private life and the impact that public events and forces such as the Vietnam War, the early 20th-century immigration boom, and today's tabloid media have on private lives.

Carl Dolmetsch, PhD'57, Unser Beruehmter Gast: Mark Twain in Wien (Edition Atelier Verlag). This German edition of Dolmetsch's book Our Famous Guest: Mark Twain in Vienna tells the story of Twain's sojourn in Vienna from 1897 to 1899.

Marshall Green, John H. Holdridge, and William N. Stokes, SM'48, War and Peace with China: First-Hand Experiences in the Foreign Service of the United States (Dacor Press). Opening with Stokes' account of his experiences in China in the late 1940s and early 1950s, the book analyzes U.S. diplomacy in Asia and the role of the Foreign Service in China since World War II.

Janice M. Moulton, AM'68, PhD'71, and George M. Robinson, PhD'70, Scaling the Dragon (Cross Cultural Publications). China's recent, turbulent past and rapidly changing present provide a background for the authors' experiences in China and the cultural conflicts they encountered.

James S. Peters II, X'54, Memoirs of a Black Southern New Englander (Dorrance Publishing). The author chronicles his life, from his birth in a cotton patch in Arkansas to his present career as a semi-retired counseling and clinical psychologist living in Storrs, CT. The book relates his fight against racial injustice in the North and the South as he became a student, Navy man, and professor.


Hawley Atkinson, Jr., MBA'78, Linking Quality to Profits: Quality Based Cost Management (American Society for Quality Control and Institute of Management Accountants). Tools and methodologies that link quality and the bottom line are combined with examples from companies like Xerox, H. J. Heinz, and Westinghouse, providing a practical framework to lower costs and increase profitability.

Germá Bel, AM'88, La Demanda de Transporte en España: Competencia Intermodal sobre el Ferrocarril Interurbano (Instituto de Estudios del Transporte y las Comunicaciones). The author examines the main characteristics of transportation public policy in Spain, evaluating its effects on transport demand.

Colin Coulson-Thomas, X'75, editor, Business Process Re-engineering: Myth and Reality (Kogan Page). The contributors set out to clarify business process re-engineering, a new trend in transforming businesses, by presenting a balanced picture of the practice and how to apply it.

Claudia Goldin, AM'69, PhD'72, and Gary D. Libecap, editors, The Regulated Economy (University of Chicago Press). These eight case studies explore late 19th- and early 20th-century origins of government intervention in the U.S. economy, focusing on the political influence of special-interest groups in the development of economic regulation.

William C. Hillman, X'54, Personal Bankruptcy: What Every Debtor and Creditor Needs to Know (Practising Law Institute). This practical guidebook takes readers step-by-step through the bankruptcy process, answering such questions as whether to file, how to do so, and if a lawyer is required.

Kenneth Kaufman, X'69, MBA'76, and Mark Hall, MBA'77, The Financially Competitive Healthcare Organization (Probus Publishing). The authors discuss attitudes, tools, and analytical methodologies for improving financial performance in the competitive health-care marketplace. Major topics include financial planning, acquisition analysis, corporate finance and capital deployment, investment analysis, and physician-hospital integration strategies.

Rochelle Kopp, MBA'92, The Rice-Paper Ceiling: Breaking Through Japanese Corporate Culture (Stone Bridge Press). Because of different attitudes toward work, goals, accountability, and other factors, American employees and Japanese bosses often take contrasting approaches to their work. Kopp provides American employees at Japanese-owned companies with strategies for overcoming cultural divisions and advancing their careers.

Robert A. G. Monks and Nell Minow, JD'77, Corporate Governance (Blackwell's). Designed for M.B.A., law, and public-policy students, this textbook examines the role that management, boards of directors, shareholders, customers, suppliers, and employees can, do, and should play in determining corporate direction, strategy, and performance. It includes detailed case studies and compares U.S. corporate governance to that of other countries.


Horst S. Daemmrich, PhD'64, and Ingrid G. Daemmrich, AM'60, Spirals and Circles: A Key to Thematic Patterns in Classicism and Realism (Peter Lang). By linking representations of human relations with configurations of approach and withdrawal, proximity and distance, the authors show recurring spatial alignments in conceptions of social interaction: the centrifugal pattern of classicism and the centripetal pattern of realism.

Richard S. Kennedy, AM'47, E. E. Cummings Revisited (Twayne Publishers) and Robert Browning's Asolando: The Indian Summer of a Poet (University of Missouri Press). Published to coincide with the centennial of Cummings' birth, this critical study traces the poet's development, his styles and their sources, and the growth of his individualistic view of life. The second book discusses Browning's final, overlooked volume of poetry, defended by Kennedy as a fitting cap to Browning's career-as good or better than several of his earlier works.

Naomi Lindstrom, AB'71, Twentieth-Century Spanish American Fiction (University of Texas Press). The author offers English-language readers a comprehensive survey of the century's literary production in Latin America (excluding Brazil). Discussing movements and trends, she places famous masterworks in historical perspective and highlights authors and works deserving of a wider audience.

Judith W. Page, PhD'79, Wordsworth and the Cultivation of Women (University of California Press). Using family letters, journals, documents, and unpublished material by Wordsworth's daughter Dora, Page presents Wordsworth as a poet primarily defined not by egotistical sublimity but by his complicated, conflicted endorsement of domesticity and family life.


J. T. Dillon, AM'71, PhD'78, Using Discussion in Classrooms (Open University Press). Encouraging teachers at all levels to use classroom discussion more fully, Dillon analyzes its nature and rationale, lists topics and participants, and explains its conduct and language. The book includes transcripts of discussions, practical exercises, and a bibliography.

Frances A. Maher and Mary Kay Thompson Tetreault, MAT'66, The Feminist Classroom (Basic Books). Drawing on interviews and observations, the authors describe the classrooms of 17 college professors who integrate feminist and multicultural content into their curricula.

James Marshall, Peter Smagorinsky, MAT'77, PhD'89, and Michael W. Smith, AB'76, MAT'76, PhD'87, The Language of Interpretation: Patterns of Discourse in Discussions of Literature (National Council of Teachers of English). The authors present research on how literature is discussed inside and outside high-school classrooms, looking at how teachers' control of classroom discourse shapes and often limits student thinking.

Sherelyn Ogden, AM'78, editor, Preservation of Library and Archival Materials: A Manual (Northeast Document Conservation Center). This book provides basic, practical information to plan and implement library collections-care programs and to incorporate preservation principles into existing programs. Topics include preservation planning and prioritizing, the environment, storage and handling, reformatting, and conservation procedures.

Peter Smagorinsky, MAT'77, PhD'89, editor, Speaking about Writing: Reflections on Research Methodology (Sage). The contributors reflect on problematic aspects of research on writing that relies on verbal analysis such as interviews and discussions.


Norman Hane, PhD'68, Riding into the Solstice (River Oak Press). Hane's poetry is influenced by his personal memories and the idea of change and stability as forces that collide and move people in unexpected ways.

M. L. Harvey, PhD'79, Painted Light (Mellen Poetry Press). Harvey's collected poems emphasize rhythm.

Janet Lewis, PhB'20, The Dear Past (Robert L. Barth). This collection of poetry spans Lewis' career from 1919 until the present.

Campbell McGrath, AB'84, American Noise (Ecco Press). McGrath's second collection of poetry explores contemporary American culture and landscape, defining moments of joy and melancholy and uncovering the purgatory of lost pop-culture icons of the post-Baby Boom generation.

Karen Moline, AB'77, Lunch (William Morrow). Moline's novel of erotic obsession examines Hollywood power games and twisted contemporary notions of celebrity, success, and subjugation.

Alane Rollings, AB'72, AM'75, The Struggle to Adore (Story Line Press). Rollings' self-questioning, neo-Romantic poetry explores love, intellect, and passion.

Edna L. Steeves, AM'36, editor, The Plays of Mary Pix and Catherine Trotter (Garland Publishing). With an introduction by Steeves, these two volumes of early 18th-century plays showcase Pix's comedies and Trotter's tragedies.


Karen Barkey, PhD'88, Bandits and Bureaucrats (Cornell University Press). The book details state-society relations in the Ottoman Empire during the 16th and 17th centuries, illuminating a period often characterized as one in which the state declined in power. The main challenge to the state, Barkey argues, came from former mercenary soldiers-not the peasantry and elite, who were dependent on the state.

George Brodsky, PhB'30, This House Is Ours (The Winnetka Community House). Brodsky presents a detailed history of the Winnetka Community House, the first institution of its kind in the nation and a model for many others. The House, founded in 1911, offers social, educational, and recreational services to Chicago's North Shore.

Dena Goodman, AM'78, PhD'82, The Republic of Letters: A Cultural History of the French Enlightenment (Cornell University Press). Goodman finds the epicenter of the Enlightenment in the Republic of Letters, a community of discourse with salons governed by women. Not only did the salons' participants introduce reciprocity into intellectual life through letter writing and conversation, they also developed a republican model of government that would challenge the monarchy.

Gaillard T. Hunt, X'60, Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Memories and Questions: Congregational Resources for the Anniversary of the Atomic Destruction of Two Japanese Cities (CSS Publishers). Hunt's book includes a discussion outline for study groups, a suggested service, and a 20-minute play in which historical figures such as J. Robert Oppenheimer, Albert Einstein, and Sadako Sasaki debate the use of the bomb.

John Komlos, AM'72, PhD'78, PhD'90, editor, Stature, Living Standards, and Economic Development: Essays in Anthropometric History (University of Chicago Press). In this collection of essays studying height and weight data from 18th- and early 19th-century Europe, North America, and Asia, 14 scholars explore the relation among physical size, economic development, and standard of living in various socioeconomic groups.

James F. McGlew, AB'77, AM'83, PhD'86, Tyranny and Political Culture in Ancient Greece (Cornell University Press). Analyzing changes in Greek political vocabulary resulting from the history of ancient tyrants, McGlew maintains that tyranny was shaped through discursive complicity between the tyrant and his subjects, who accepted his self-definition as an agent of justice but also learned from him the language and methods of resistance.

Augustus Richard Norton, PhD'84, editor, Civil Society in the Middle East (E. J. Brill). This two-volume work reports on the current status of state-society relations in the Middle East, as well as the region's prospects for political reform. Volume I includes chapters on Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Syria, Tunisia, and the West Bank and Gaza, and examines the impact of Islamic thought on political reform; Volume II covers Algeria, the Arab Gulf states, Iran, Iraq, Israel, the Sudan, Turkey, and Yemen.

Franklin L. Yoder, AM'89, Opening a Window to the World: A History of Iowa Mennonite School (Iowa Mennonite School). Detailing the school's history and its relation to the surrounding rural Mennonite Iowa community, the book offers insights into private education and the confrontation between modernity and the small, insulated community.


Daniel Graupe and Kate H. Kohn, MD'35, Functional Electrical Stimulation for Ambulation by Paraplegics (Krieger Publishing). Based on the authors' work of the last 12 years, the book describes the clinical training of 100 spinal-cord-injured patients in standing and walking using unbraced, non-invasive (transcutaneous), functional electrical stimulation.

Alan R. Rushton, PhD'75, MD'77, Genetics and Medicine in the United States, 1800-1922 (Johns Hopkins University Press). Physicians rediscovering Mendel's work in 1900 began to accept its relevance to human heredity and the understanding of genetic illness. But by the early 1920s, Rushton explains, progress had come to a near standstill because of physicians who became convinced that genetic illness was relatively rare and because of ethical objections to eugenics theories.


Paul Burstein, AB'68, editor, Equal Employment Opportunity: Labor Market Discrimination and Public Policy (Aldine de Gruyter). Designed for general and academic audiences, the book presents the work of major scholars in history, economics, sociology, political science, and law. The debates about equal-employment-opportunity law and its effects put the American situation into an international context.

Richard K. Caputo, PhD'82, Welfare and Freedom American Style II: The Role of the Federal Government, 1941-1980 (University Press of America). Tracing the federal government's social and economic roles from World War II through the Carter administration, Caputo examines fiscal policy, civil-rights legislation, and welfare reform, and documents the shift by both major political parties from such economic issues as unemployment and inflation to social problems like the Equal Rights Amendment and identity politics.

John Mueller, AB'60, Policy and Opinion in the Gulf War (University of Chicago Press) and Quiet Cataclysm: Reflections on the Recent Transformation of World Politics (HarperCollins). The first book discusses the relationship between American policy and public opinion during the Gulf crisis, analyzing public support for war, public opinion's effect on the media, and the use of polls by policy makers. The second book reflects on changes in world politics with the end of the cold war, finding that military considerations are often less relevant than economic concerns to issues of international politics.

Filip Palda, PhD'89, How Much Is Your Vote Worth? (ICS Press). Questioning the view that political-action committees corrupt politicians and that campaign spending wastes resources, Palda asserts that proposed campaign-spending limits would prevent the dissemination of useful information to voters and would hurt poorly funded political challengers.

Michael S. Warner, PhD'90, editor, The CIA under Harry Truman (CIA). This collection of declassified CIA documents-the third volume in the agency's Cold War Records series-offers insight into the CIA's origins and its role at the opening of the cold war.


Robert D. Boyd, AM'53, PhD'62, Personal Transformations in Small Groups: A Jungian Perspective (Routledge). Using extensive case material combined with a rigorous research approach, the author shows how individuals in a small group change as they work through episodic themes of individuation. The different ways of analyzing small-group dynamics have practical implications for group leaders and offer a model for future research.

Edith McCall, AM'49, Sometimes We Dance Alone: Your Next Years Can Be Your Best Years (Brett Books). McCall shares her own philosophy and approach to overcoming loneliness in aging by leading an active, satisfying life with a healthy mind, body, and spirit.

Patrick E. Shrout, PhD'76, and Susan T. Fiske, U-High'69, editors, Personality Research, Methods & Theory: A Festschrift Honoring Donald W. Fiske (Lawrence Erlbaum Associates). The book honors Donald W. Fiske, a U of C professor emeritus of psychology, and his impact on personality research. Written by contemporaries, former students, collaborators, and his two children, the volume also focuses on ongoing debates and issues framed or influenced by Fiske's work and concludes with an essay by Fiske on behavioral and social-science metatheory, methods, and strategies.


James L. Cambias, AB'88, Arabian Nights: A Genre Book for Rolemaster (Iron Crown Enterprises). A supplement for the Rolemaster fantasy roleplaying game system, the book provides information on adventuring in the world of the Arabian Nights tales.

Lou Willett Stanek, PhD'74, So You Want to Write a Novel (Avon Books) and Thinking Like a Writer (Random House). In the first book, Stanek offers brainstorming exercises, techniques for character development, and thoughts on transforming an idea into a novel. The second book is designed to inspire children to think like writers and to write at an early age.


Lowell K. Handy, AM'80, PhD'87, Among the Host of Heaven: The Syro-Palestinian Pantheon as Bureaucracy (Eisenbrauns). Handy argues that a survey of literary sources for the pantheon recorded in the Levant from the second millennium b.c. into the first millennium a.d. reveals a bureaucratic structure for the relations presented among the deities. The four tiers of the divine realm reflect the social levels of human society as understood in the same culture.

Sara F. Luther, John J. Neumaier, and Howard L. Parsons, AB'42, PhD'46, editors, Diverse Perspectives on Marxist Philosophy: East and West (Greenwood Press). Philosophers from Russia, Hungary, Canada, and the U.S. explore Marxism's relevancy, successes, limitations, and possibilities for improvement.

Martin Marty, PhD'56, Fairfax M. Cone distinguished service professor in the Divinity School, and Micah Marty, Places along the Way: Meditations on the Journey of Faith (Augsburg Fortress). Marty's reflections on biblical scenes, accompanied by his son's photographs representing these scenes, are intended as a 47-day spiritual journey.

Robert L. Randall, AM'69, PhD'73, The Time of Your Life: Self/Time Management for Pastors (Abingdon). Randall argues that time-management problems are caused by loss of cohesion in a leader's personality, not by having too many things to do, and offers suggestions that lead to more effective preaching, administration, and pastoral care.

Judith A. Swanson, PhD'87, The Public and the Private in Aristotle's Political Philosophy (Cornell University Press). Swanson challenges the dominant view that Aristotle regarded the private as a mere precondition to the public. Rather, she argues that for Aristotle, private activity develops virtue and is essential to individual freedom and happiness and to the well-being of the political order. Her interpretation of The Politics revises the reader's understanding of Aristotle's views on women and the family, slavery, and the relation between friendship and civic solidarity.

Patricia Wittberg, AM'78, PhD'82, The Rise and Fall of Catholic Religious Orders: A Social Movement Perspective (SUNY Press). Using two basic social-movement theories to analyze several historical periods when Roman Catholic religious orders experienced rapid growth or catastrophic decline, Wittberg applies her results to the membership loss affecting religious orders today.


Nancy R. John and Edward J. Valauskas, AM'82, The Internet Troubleshooter: Help for the Logged-On and Lost (ALA Publishing). This question-and-answer guide through the Internet includes section dividers, screen illustrations, examples, a glossary, and an index.

T. J. Mullin, JD'73, The 100 Greatest Combat Handguns (Paladin Press). The first in a series, this book reviews and evaluates military-style handguns (tested on formal and combat-simulated ranges) used from 1890 to the present.

Joseph P. Olive, SB'64, SM'64, AM'69, PhD'69; Alice Greenwood; and John Coleman, Acoustics of American English Speech (Springer-Verlag). This introductory text, intended for people of diverse academic backgrounds, describes American English speech, emphasizing sounds in context rather than isolated syllables. The text is illustrated with spectrograms and waveforms of speech sounds.

Joseph Rotblat; Jack H. Steinberger, SB'42, PhD'49; and Bhalchandra Udgaonkar, editors, A Nuclear Free World: Desirable? Feasible? (Westview). Twenty-six experts from 11 nations argue that the only effective solution to the nuclear threat is abolishing nuclear weapons. They offer suggestions for legal, technical, and societal systems to regulate such a ban, including the possibility of a U.N. deterrent force to guard against violators.

C. Bruce Stephenson, AM'75, PhD'83, The Music of the Heavens: Kepler's Harmonic Astronomy (Princeton University Press). Challenging critics who characterize Kepler's theories of harmonic astronomy as "mystical," Stephenson offers a thorough technical analysis of the music Kepler thought the heavens made and the logic that led him to find musical patterns in his data. (This corrects information printed in the December/94 issue.-Ed.)


Steven M. Albert, AM'81, AM'83, PhD'87, and Maria Cattell, Old Age in Global Perspective: Cross-Cultural and Cross-National Views (GK Hall/MacMillan Press). Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork and cross-national surveys, the authors place the experience of old age in its biologic, demographic, and cultural contexts. The book concludes with a series of hypotheses for cross-cultural research.

Harry H. Bash, AB'51, Social Problems & Social Movements: An Exploration into the Sociological Construction of Alternative Realities (Humanities Press). Using a social-constructionist perspective, the author traces the social-problem and social-movement themes that permeated both American and continental European sociology from the mid-19th to the mid-20th centuries-concluding that the distinction between the themes is purely conceptual and attributing barriers to their integration to ideological factors.

Charles W. Nelson, PhD'49, A GIST Systemic Approach to Organizational Development (Management Research Associates). Based on a systemic analysis of organizational sources of power, the text provides theory, methods, tools, and case illustrations useful for transforming an organization's climate, improving the employees' quality of life, and improving the product.

Beth Rashbaum, AB'68, and Olga Silverstein, The Courage to Raise Good Men (Viking). Cultural analysis and case histories are combined to show how American culture sanctions male emotional shutdown, where that shutdown begins (in the culturally mandated withdrawal of mothers from their sons), and why that shutdown is damaging to both men and women.

Frederic G. Reamer, AM'75, PhD'78, Social Work Malpractice and Liability (Columbia University Press) and editor, The Foundations of Social Work Knowledge (Columbia University Press). Written for social workers, the first book uses case studies to discuss the legal and ethical implications of problematic situations and also offers strategies for reducing liability risk and advice on handling a lawsuit. The second book collects essays analyzing the intellectual underpinnings of social work.

Walter L. Wallace, PhD'63, A Weberian Theory of Human Society: Structure and Evolution (Rutgers University Press). Based on a critical interpretation of the work of Max Weber, as well as other research, the book presents uniformities in the way humans and their societies work, as Wallace explores how and why societies change and offers speculations about their future.


Thomas P. Sakmar, AB'78, MD'82; Pierce Gardner; and Gene N. Peterson, MD'82, Passport's Health Guide for International Travelers (Passport Books). Featuring a country-by-country list of immunization requirements, the book advises tourists and business travelers how to prepare for trips abroad, find proper doctors and treatment, and deal with medical problems that develop after their return. For inclusion in "Books by Alumni," please send the name of the book, its author, its publisher, its field, and a short synopsis to the Books Editor, University of Chicago Magazine, 5757 Woodlawn Ave., Chicago, IL 60637, or by E-mail:
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Go to feature, "Into the Music"
Go to feature, "The Houses that Gautreaux Built"
Go to feature, "Upstaging Authority"
Go to feature, "The Unbearable Lightness of Being Bibfeldt"
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