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Books by Alumni

>> For inclusion in "Books by Alumni," please send the book's name, author, publisher, field, and a short synopsis to the Books Editor, University of Chicago Magazine, 1313 E. 60th St., Chicago, IL 60637, or by e-mail:

Art and Architecture
Wolf Kahn, AB'50, Wolf Kahn Pastels (Harry N. Abrams). More than 100 colorplates of Kahn's pastels are reproduced in this volume, with commentary by Kahn on working in the medium. Art historian Barbara Novak wrote the introduction.

Biography and letters
Kees W. Bolle, PhD'61 (editor), Ben's Story: Holocaust Letters with Selections from the Dutch Underground Press (Southern Illinois University Press). Bolle juxtaposes reports from the Dutch underground with the letters of his boyhood friend, Ben Wessels-who died in Bergen-Belsen-creating a portrait of The Netherlands during World War II.

Business and Economics
David F. DeRosa, AB'72, PhD'78, In Defense of Free Capital Markets: The Case against a New Financial Architecture (Bloomberg Press). DeRosa argues that despite the remarkable number of currency and emerging market meltdowns in the 1990s, less-not more-regulation is needed. He investigates whether government responses to turmoil have been effective and concludes that aggressive intervention is no panacea.

Henry Etzkowitz, AB'62, Magnus Gulbrandson, and Janet Levitt, Public Venture Capital: Government Funding Sources for Technology Entrepreneurs (Harcourt). This guide to funding programs for small companies includes an analysis of U.S. science and technology policy and a history of the interaction between universities and industry.

Richard E. Foglesong, AM'73, PhD'81, Married to the Mouse: Walt Disney World and Orlando (Yale University Press). Foglesong traces the evolving relationship between the Disney Company and the surrounding Florida community since the 1960s. Showing how Disney has been shielded from government regulation and has acquired governmental powers, the author analyzes broader questions such as whether privatization and deregulation offer a viable strategy for economic development.

John M. Scalzi II, AB'91, The Rough Guide to Money Online: How to Bank, Invest and Make Finance Work on the Internet (Rough Guides). Scalzi maps the world of online finance, reviewing hundreds of sites and explaining how to set up online banking and brokerage accounts.

Children's Literature
Robert E. Frederick, AB'95, Wilt's on Stilts! (Stilts). A boy builds himself stilts as a remedy for being short. Able to take long strides, he goes on a journey.

Yukie Ohta, AM'97 (translator) A Rainbow in the Desert: An Anthology of Early Twentieth Century Japanese Children's Literature (M. E. Sharpe). Stories, poems, and a play previously unavailable in North America make up this collection of newly translated literature, all of which embody the evolving concept of childhood in early-20th-century Japan.

Laura Harris Hapke, AM'69, Labor's Text: The Worker in American Fiction (Rutgers University Press). Hapke explores literary representations of American workers in their cultural and historical contexts, charting how they have been portrayed and sometimes misrepresented in American fiction. Hapke's analysis ranges from depictions of early artisan "aristocrats" to present-day marginalized workers.

John N. King, AM'66, PhD'73, Milton and Religious Controversy: Satire and Polemic in Paradise Lost (Cambridge University Press). King investigates religious satire and polemic in Milton's biblical epic. He argues that Paradise Lost takes on new meaning when understood as part of a strategy of protest against ecclesiastical formalism and clericalism.

Ronald M. Cervero, AM'75, PhD'79, and Arthur Wilson (editors), Power in Practice: Adult Education and the Struggle for Knowledge and Power in Society (Jossey-Bass). Contributors to this book examine how power relationships in the wider society are manifested in the programs, practices, and policies of adult education. The book provides real-life cases that illustrate the pivotal role of adult educators.

Frederic G. Reamer, AM'75, PhD'78, Ethics Education in Social Work (Council on Social Work Education). Reamer provides a comprehensive overview of ethics-related content in social-work education, focusing on professional values and on ethical dilemmas, decision making, and misconduct.

Stephen H. Webb, AM'84, PhD'89, Taking Religion to School: Christian Theology and Secular Education (Brazos Press). If religion is to be a part of the public-school curriculum, Webb argues, then educators need help in thinking about how to teach it. Webb's book advances an approach that goes beyond the polarized options of objectivity and advocacy.

Fiction and Poetry
D. W. Buffa, AM'68, PhD'80, The Judgment (Warner Books). Real-life defense attorney Buffa opens his legal thriller with the funeral of a powerful but unpopular Oregon judge who has been murdered. After the case is, in theory, solved, a second judge meets the same fate, and the protagonist agrees to defend the homeless man accused of the crime.

Robert W. Kirschten, AM'75, PhD'77, Chicago Poems (Edwin Mellen Press). Kirschten's poems draw on sights, tastes, and institutions-human and otherwise-of Chicago. The Wrigley Building, the Picasso, The Sting, Giordano's deep-dish pizza, Frank Lloyd Wright, Michael Jordan, and Mrs. O'Leary's cow are among his subjects.

Michael A. Sells, AM'77, PhD'82, Stations of Desire: Love Elegies from Ibn `Arabi and New Poems (Ibis Editions). Sells has translated 24 poems by the 13th-century Arabic poet Ibn `Arabi of Murcia, author of The Translator of Desires. Sells includes some of his own poems as well.

Gender Studies
Laura L. Doan, PhD'83, Fashioning Sapphism: The Origins of a Modern English Lesbian Culture (Columbia University Press). Doan reinterprets the role of the controversial novelist Radclyffe Hall and other lesbians in the formation of a modern lesbian subculture in early-20th-century England, looking at the emergence of a visible lesbian culture from the perspectives of law, sexology, fashion, and literary and visual representation.

History/Current Events
Paul M. Cobb, AM'91, PhD'97, White Banners: Contention in `Abbasid Syria, 750-880 (State University of New York Press). Once the elites of a thriving Muslim empire, Syrians found themselves recast as provincials following the Iraqi-based `Abbasid revolution. Cobb shows how medieval Syrians used violence in attempts to reclaim status.

Anthony J. Crubaugh, AB'85, Balancing the Scales of Justice: Local Courts and Rural Society in Southwest France, 1750-1800 (Pennsylvania State University Press). Crubaugh examines changes in local judicial institutions in 18th-century France, assessing the impact of the French Revolution on rural society.

Brendan M. Dooley, PhD'86, and Sabrina Alcorn Baron, AM'82, PhD'95 (editors), The Politics of Information in Early Modern Europe (Routledge). A diverse group of international scholars have contributed essays on the advent of news as an organized information industry in early modern Europe. A particular focus is the evolution of the news media in 17th-century England, including how news played on the English stage, from Jonson to Sheridan.

Ronald B. Inden, AB'61, AM'63, PhD'72, Imagining India (Indiana University Press). Inden suggests that the West's distorted depictions of India as a land dominated by imagination rather than reason has deprived Indians of their capacity to rule their world.

John M. Jeep, PhD'90, editor, Medieval Germany: An Encyclopedia (Garland Publishing-Taylor and Francis Group). Covering German and Dutch society from 500 to 1500, this volume includes more than 700 entries written by some 200 scholars.

James Simeone, AB'82, AM'84, PhD'92, Democracy and Slavery in Frontier Illinois: The Bottomland Republic (Northern Illinois University Press). Simeone analyzes the early 1820s pro-democracy movement in Illinois, which paradoxically also produced an effort to expand slave-holding rights in the state.

Thomas A. Sebeok, AB'41, The Swiss Pioneer in Nonverbal Communication Studies: Heini Hediger (1908-1992) (Legas). In this monograph, Sebeok reviews the work of biosemiotics pioneer Hediger, director of the Zurich Zoo. Sebeok links Hediger's research with captive animals to the current view of semiosis and communication as cross-species phenomena.

Robert G. Bartle, SM'48, PhD'51, A Modern Theory of Integration (American Mathematical Society). Bartle introduces a relatively new theory of the integral (the "generalized Riemann integral" or the "Henstock-Kurzweil integral") that corrects the defects in the classical Riemann theory and both simplifies and extends the Lebesgue theory of integration.

Political Science and Law
Michael Conant, AM'46, PhD'49, JD'51, Constitutional Structure and Purposes: Critical Commentary (Greenwood Publishing Group). Conant critiques decision making in the Supreme Court, emphasizing the justices' failures to consider Constitutional structure and the original meaning of language in context. Conant opposes redefining the Constitution to keep up with changing times.

John Martin Gillroy, AM'80, PhD'85, Justice & Nature: Kantian Philosophy, Environmental Policy, and the Law (Georgetown University Press). Criticizing the practice of basing environmental policy on cost-benefit analysis, Gillroy proposes a system for making policy that allows for protecting moral and ecological values in the face of market demands.

Ellen S. Podgor, MBA'87, and Edward M. Wise, International Criminal Law: Cases and Materials (Casebook Series). This casebook focuses on the effects of globalization on contemporary U.S. criminal law and on the prosecution of international crimes.

Stephen J. Ware, JD'90, Alternative Dispute Resolution (West Group). Ware delineates the law and concepts central to arbitration, negotiation, mediation, and other forms of alternative dispute resolution. For students and practitioners, the book treats the subjects from the perspectives of theory, practice, and legal doctrine.

Annette T. Brandes, PhD'81, Stepfamily Life Can Be Hell but It Doesn't Have to Be! 7 Steps to Recreating Family (Segue Books). Brandes outlines methods by which couples can build new families while preserving and enriching their own relationship.

Diane Farris, AM'67, AM'72, PhD'74, Type Tales: Understanding and Celebrating Diversity through Type (Center for the Applications of Psychological Type). The ideas of Jungian personality-type psychology are explored through four illustrated stories to be read to children. Farris includes commentary for parents, teachers, and counselors.

Religion and Philosophy
Yaakov Ariel, AM'82, PhD'86, Evangelizing the Chosen People: Missions to the Jews in America, 1880-2000 (University of North Carolina Press). Ariel offers a comprehensive history of Protestant evangelization of Jews in America, based on research in missionary archives as well as Jewish writings. He analyzes the theology and activities of the missions and the converts and describes the Jewish community's reactions.

Dan B. Genung, AM'40, DB'41, A Street Called Love (Hope Publishing House). In a history of All Peoples Christian Church and Community Center in Los Angeles, its founder begins with its establishment in the 1940s and includes material by other members of the church.

Jeffrey F. Meyer, AM'69, PhD'73, Myths in Stone: Religious Dimensions of Washington, D.C. (University of California Press). Meyer discusses the mythic and symbolic sources that have influenced the urban structure, architecture, and memorials of the ceremonial core of the nation's capital city.

David C. Yu, PhD'59, translator, History of Chinese Daoism, Vol.1 (University Press of America). The first volume in Yu's English translation of the four-volume work Zhongguo daojiao shi covers Daoism's predecessors, the founding of Daoism in the Late Han Dynasty, and the growth of Daoism in the period of political disunion from 420 to 581.

Eric Schiller, AB'76, AM'84, PhD'91, Official Rules of Chess (Cardoza Publishing). In his 100th book on the game, Schiller presents the official rules of chess compiled for the 2000 World Chess Championship match, as well as rules for online play. The book features international rules used in over 160 countries, rather than those of the United States Chess Federation.

Religion and Philosophy
Frederick W. Danker, PhD'63 (editor), A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and other Early Christian Literature, third edition (University of Chicago Press). Danker has revised and edited Walter Bauer's Wörterbuch, the reference work for Biblical and classical scholars. This English-language edition adds extended definitions of Greek words and 15,000 new references to classical intertestamental, early Christian, and modern literature.

Timothy O. Dykstal, AM'86, PhD'91, The Luxury of Skepticism: Politics, Philosophy, and Dialogue in the English Public Sphere, 1660-1740, (University Press of Virginia). From Hobbes to Shaftesbury to Berkeley, Dykstal explores the public function of philosophical dialogue in early-18th-century England. He argues that dialogue helped develop and transform the public sphere.

Zbigniew S. Janowski, PhD'96, Cartesian Theodicy. Descartes' Quest for Certitude, (Archives Internationales D'Histoire des Idées) and Index Augustino-Cartesian: Textes et Commentaire (VRIN). Almost all interpreters of Cartesian philosophy have focused on its epistemological aspect. In Cartesian Theodicy, Janowski demonstrates that the epistemological problems are fundamentally theological questions. In his Index, Janowski shows the extent of Augustine's influence on the formation of Cartesian metaphysics.

Joel S. Kaminsky, AM'84, PhD'93, and Alice Ogden Bellis, editors, Jews, Christians, and the Theology of the Hebrew Scriptures (Society of Biblical Literature). This anthology explores how Jewish and Christian religious commitments affect theological appraisals of the Hebrew scriptures. These essays also document how contemporary Jewish-Christian dialogue influences modern critical reflection on the theology of the Hebrew Bible.

R. Michael Perry, SB'69, Forever for All: Moral Philosophy, Cryonics, and the Scientific Prospects for Immortality (Universal Publishers). Perry considers how to use technology and medical advances to strive for immortality. He develops an argument for the possibility of resurrecting the dead, calling efforts to achieve immortality a great moral project.

Anna L. Peterson AM'87, PhD'91, Being Human: Ethics, Environment, and Our Place in the World (University of California Press). Peterson explores the complex connections among conceptions of human nature, attitudes toward nonhuman nature, and ethics.

Harvey B. Sarles, PhD'66, Nietzsche's Prophecy: The Crisis in Meaning (Humanity Press). Arguing that Nietzsche's prophecy of the death of God and the rise of nihilism has come to haunt us, Sarles probes the many ways in which contemporary men and women grope for meaning.

Social Sciences
Greg Acciaioli, AB'75, Roger Tol, and Kees van Dijk (editors), Authority and Enterprise Among the Peoples of South Sulawesi (Koninklijk Institut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde Press). This collection of papers focuses on the peoples whose homeland is the southwestern peninsula of Sulawesi in Indonesia, exploring the nexus between power and trade, domination and commerce among the region's diverse ethnic groups.

Allen Chun, AM'79, PhD'85, Unstructuring Chinese Society: The Fictions of Colonial Practice and the Changing Realities of "Land" in the New Territories of Hong Kong (Harwood Academic Publishers). Chun challenges existing theories of social organization in analyzing historical contradictions, political conflicts, and social transformations wrought by colonial rule in Hong Kong over the past century.

Thomas J. Cottle, AM'63, PhD'68, At Peril: Stories of Injustice (University of Massachusetts Press); Mind Fields: Adolescent Consciousness in a Culture of Distraction (Peter Lang Publishing); and Hardest Times: The Trauma of Long Term Unemployment (Praeger Publishers). In At Peril, Cottle uses "story sociology" to collect and analyze personal accounts from children and adults that illustrate such social concerns as youth crime, domestic violence, public education, and health care. Mind Fields explores how the consciousness of adolescents is shaped by the distracting culture of computers, television, and the entertainment industry. Cottle believes that adolescents' inner experiences are as much a product of this culture as of individual temperament. In Hardest Times, Cottle uses the stories of men without jobs to argue that even in a time of shifting gender roles, men still define themselves primarily by their work, not their relationships.

Helen H. Frink, AM'70, PhD'75, Women after Communism: The East German Experience (University Press of America). Through statistical research, case studies, and interviews, Frink details the accomplishments of East German women under the socialist regime and their changing status in the decade since unification.

Roberta Kahane Ash Garner, AB'62, AM'63, PhD'66 (editor), Social Theory: Continuity and Confrontation (Broadview Press). Garner has assembled selections from classic and modern works of social theory, ranging from Machiavelli to Marx to the Chicago School. The book also includes contemporary writers such as Bourdieu and Arjun Appadurai, AM'73, PhD'76.

Richard F. Hamilton, AB'50, Marxism, Revisionism, and Leninism: Explication, Assessment, and Commentary and Mass Society, Pluralism, and Bureaucracy: Explication, Assessment, and Commentary (Praeger Publishers). In the first book, Hamilton explains and evaluates Marxism, Marxist revisionism, and Leninism, analyzing the theories from the viewpoints of urban and industrial sociology, economic and political history, and social movements. In Mass Society, he assesses the claims and validity of three major social theories-mass society, pluralism, and bureaucracy-often used to explain modern societies.

Adeline M. Masquelier, PhD'93, Prayer Has Spoiled Everything: Possession, Power, and Identity in an Islamic Town of Niger (Duke University Press). An anthropologist, Masquelier writes about the power of bori, mischievous invisible beings that the Mawri people believe populate the bush. Masquelier analyzes how this phenomenon affects the lives of peasants confronted with a culture profoundly changed by the spread of Islam.

Alexander B. Murphy, PhD'87; Douglas L. Johnson, AM'68, PhD'71; and Viola Haarmann (editors), Cultural Encounters with the Environment (Rowman & Littlefield). These papers on cultural geography by colleagues and students of Chicago geography professor Marvin W. Mikesell explore how cultural spaces are created, their effect on the natural environment, and how claims to place are negotiated.

Philip Carl Salzman, AM'66, PhD'72, The Anthropology of Real Life: Events in Human Experience (Waveland); Black Tents of Baluchistan (Smithsonian Institution Press); and Understanding Culture: An Introduction to Anthropological Theory (Waveland). While people are shaped by their cultures and social status, Salzman uses case studies from his own research to argue in Real Life that events-whether caused by natural forces, by other people, or by people themselves-take on a life of their own in determining human destinies. Black Tents is a detailed ethnography of the Yarahmadzai, pastoral nomads of the Sarhad region of southeastern Iran. Salzman describes how they respond to the unpredictability of their physical, political, and economic environments. In Understanding Culture, Salzman examines six theoretical schools within anthropology, illustrating each approach through case studies.

Haya Carmi Stier, PhD'90, and Marta Tienda, The Color of Opportunity: Pathways to Family, Welfare, and Work (University of Chicago Press). The authors argue that urban poverty is the by-product of institutional racism, comparing information about national populations with data from the Urban Poverty and Family Life Survey in Chicago.

For inclusion in "Books by Alumni," please send the book's name, author, publisher, field, and a short synopsis to the Books Editor, University of Chicago Magazine, 1313 E. 60th St., Chicago, IL 60637, or by e-mail:

  OCTOBER 2001

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