The University of Chicago Magazine

October-December 1996


Eye-opener (see Business and Economics)

End of an Era (see History/Current Events)


Pavel Machotka, AB'56, Cézanne: Landscape into Art (Yale University Press). Machotka has photographed the sites of Cézanne's landscape paintings--whenever possible from the same spot and at the same time of day. Juxtaposing his photos and the paintings, Machotka demonstrates how Cézanne transformed nature into art, using color to define form while retaining hues anchored in reality to achieve sensuous reconstructions.


Helen Bevington, PhB'26, The Third and Only Way: Reflections on Staying Alive (Duke University Press). Seeking the best way to confront growing older, Bevington hopes to find an alternative to her mother's solitude and her father's suicide. Evoking a range of historical and literary figures and reflecting on the ten years following her son's suicide, the narrative follows the emotional currents of the author's life.

Richard V. Bovbjerg, SB'41, PhD'49, Steaming as Before (International Scholars Publications). A personal, anecdotal account of WWII, told by the reluctant skipper of a tiny minesweeper stationed in the Pacific.

Robert B. Ellis, PhB'46, AM'49, See Naples and Die: A World War II Memoir of a United States Army Ski Trooper in the Mountains of Italy (McFarland & Co.). Based on hundreds of wartime letters and a detailed battle diary, Ellis's account of his unit's grueling training and heavy casualties explores the brutal reality of modern war and argues that the media falsely represented the infantry experience.

Carmen Johnson, AM'52, Wave-Rings in the Water: My Years with the Women of Postwar Japan (Charles River Press). When U.S. forces occupied Japan after WWII, Johnson was one of fewer than 30 women's affairs officers "assigned to teach democracy and equal rights to Japanese women." Her memoir recounts the daily dramas of their lives.


David K. Hurst, MBA'72, Crisis and Renewal: Meeting the Challenge of Organizational Change (Harvard Business School Press). Hurst sees business organizations as complex ecosystems, telling stories of organizational change in groups from nomadic hunting and foraging bands to the Quakers to Nike, Compaq, and 3M. His model suggests that in human organizations, as in natural ecosystems, creation requires destruction.

Bruce R. Kingma, AB'83, The Economics of Information: A Guide to Economic and Cost-Benefit Analysis for Information Professionals (Libraries Unlimited); The Economics of Access versus Ownership: The Costs and Benefits of Access to Scholarly Articles via Interlibrary Loan and Journal Subscriptions (Haworth Press); and Meredith Butler, editors, The Economics of Information in the Networked Environment (Association of Research Libraries). Designed as an information-science and library text, the first book introduces the economic issues associated with information and the tools of cost-benefit analysis. The second offers library professionals a model economic analysis for providing access to journal articles through interlibrary loan rather than journal subscriptions. The third book, an edited volume of conference papers, examines issues related to developing the knowledge infrastructure and its economic impact on higher education.

Robert A.G. Monks and Nell Minow, JD'77, Watching the Watchers: Corporate Governance for the 21st Century (Blackwell). This book examines the past, present, and future relationships among corporate managers, boards of directors, and shareholders in the U.S. and abroad, contending that the rise of the institutional shareholder has reawakened directors and made managers more accountable.

Mark W. Riepe, AB'86, MBA'91, and Scott L. Lummer, editors, Pension Investment Handbook (Panel Publishers). Written in Q & A format, this handbook addresses such issues as pension-plan investment policies, investment vehicles, implementation of policies, and fiduciary responsibility.

Deborah Strauss, AB'62, AM'64, coeditor, Improving Fund Raising with Technology (Jossey-Bass). Chapters cover such topics as using the "information superhighway" for fund-raising activities, strategies for new technology implementations and upgrades, and planning for donor record-keeping.


Anthony Amberg, AB'57, AB'59, PhD'62, editor, The Foundling: A Comedy and The Gamester: A Tragedy, by Edward Moore (University of Delaware Press). Amberg's scholarly edition of Edward Moore's sentimental comedy and his domestic tragedy contains a full critical apparatus, including a chronology of Moore's life and textual notes.

Stephen Arata, PhD'90, Fictions of Loss in the Victorian Fin-de-Siècle: Identity and Empire (Cambridge University Press). Examining the works of Wilde, Stevenson, Kipling, and others, Arata explores how late-Victorian writers transformed their sense of cultural and national decline into narratives that sought to account for the culture's troubles and assuage its anxieties.

Peter Bornedal, PhD'94, The Interpretation of Art (University Press of America). In this historical account of the development of criticism, Bornedal examines the epistemology of criticism and how criticism changes on a fundamental structural level. The book focuses on the transformation of the critical theories of classicism and romanticism.

Lillian E. Doherty, AM'77, PhD'82, Siren Songs: Gender, Audiences, and Narrators in the Odyssey (University of Michigan Press). Examining the role of gender in the interplay between characters who tell stories and those who listen to them, Doherty finds that the Odyssey as a whole is addressed to an implied audience that includes women as well as men.

Terry Meyers, AM'68, PhD'73, The Sexual Tensions of William Sharp: A Study of the Birth of Fiona Macleod, Incorporating Two Lost Works, "Ariadne in Naxos" and "Beatrice" (Peter Lang Publishing). Meyers introduces these rediscovered poems in the context of Sharp's life, maintaining that they highlight the sexual uncertainties this turn-of-the-century Scottish poet felt and foreshadow the creation of his poetic alter-ego, Fiona Macleod, during the 1890s crisis in masculinity.

James Phelan, AM'73, PhD'77, Narrative as Rhetoric: Technique, Audiences, Ethics, Ideology (Ohio State University Press). In ten essays, Phelan develops two principles: 1) Narrative is rhetoric because it occurs when someone tells a particular story for a particular audience in a particular situation for a particular purpose, and 2) reading narrative simultaneously engages our intellects, emotions, ideologies, and ethical commitments. Phelan treats a range of narratives, including The Great Gatsby and Beloved.


Donald Arnstine, AB'51, Democracy and the Arts of Schooling (State University of New York Press). Distinguishing education from socialization, Arn-stine argues the need for a democratic education, as opposed to authoritarian and bureaucratic school systems, and offers a conception of learning based on the aesthetic quality of experience.

James H. Block, AB'67, AM'68, PhD'70; Susan T. Everson; and Thomas R. Guskey, PhD'79, School-Improvement Programs: A Handbook for Educational Leaders (Scholastic). This handbook provides concise descriptions of effective school-improvement programs in America, each written by the program's original developer. The volume offers a framework for selecting and adapting them to address particular local school needs.

Edward J. Valauskas, AM'82, and Nancy R. John, editors, Internet Initiative: Libraries Providing Internet Services and How They Plan, Pay, and Manage (ALA Editions); and Monica Ertel, editors, The Internet for Teachers and School Library Media Specialists (Neal-Schuman). The first book details the organization, governance, and use of Internet services in libraries and library agencies. The second collects the experiences of teachers, librarians, and media specialists in bringing the Internet into the classroom, showing how it can expand curriculum, noting problems with using the Internet on a daily basis, and suggesting solutions to these difficulties.


Jeannie Brewer, MD'86, A Crack in Forever (Simon & Schuster). Brewer's novel, which draws on her experiences as a physician, tells the story of the romance between Alexandra, an artist, and Eric, a medical student, from their first meeting to Eric's diagnosis with AIDS to their struggle with the inevitability of death.

Matthew Rettenmund, AB'91, Boy Culture (St. Martin's Press). Set at the U of C, this comic novel is a sexually explicit faux memoir of a postmodern hustler who falls into an old-fashioned love triangle.


Merv Daub, MBA'68, PhD'71, Gael Force: A Century of Football at Queen's (McGill-Queen's University Press). A tribute to football at Queen's University, Daub's book traces the history of the Golden Gaels football team, integrating it with the history of the university, of Canada, and of the sport.

Hugh De Santis, AM'73, PhD'78, Beyond Progress: An Interpretive Odyssey to the Future (University of Chicago Press). Arguing that--in a world of dwindling resources, economic inequality, and unremitting violence--a belief in endless progress can no longer be sustained, De Santis draws on world history and international studies to explore a future in which new forms of social and political identity and regional associations and alignments will be needed to solve global problems.

Carolyn Woods Eisenberg, AB'67, Drawing the Line: The American Decision to Divide Germany, 1944­49 (Cambridge University Press). In this study of the origins of the Cold War, Eisenberg traces the American role in dividing postwar Germany and probes U.S. responsibility for the sealing off of Eastern Europe.

Paul Finkelman, AM'72, PhD'76, Slavery and the Founders: Race and Liberty in the Age of Jefferson (M.E. Sharpe). Finkelman examines how slavery affected the writing of the Constitution and legislation in the first 20 years of the nation's history. The last two chapters investigate Thomas Jefferson's role as a slaveholding politician, his relationship to his slave Sally Hemings, and how scholars have tried to downplay Jefferson's lifetime support of slavery.

Bruce Kidd, AM'68, The Struggle for Canadian Sport (University of Toronto Press). A study of four national sports organizations and the state during the 1920s and 1930s, Kidd's book examines the process that produced the contours of Canadian sport today--the hegemony of continental cartels, such as the NHL; the power of the media; the shadowed participation of women; and the strong nationalism of the Olympic sports organizations.

Donald Kirk, AM'65, Tell It to the Dead: Stories of a War (M. E. Sharpe). An updated version of foreign correspondent Kirk's 1975 book on the Vietnam War, this edition includes recent reports from Saigon, Phnom Penh, and the Vietnamese and Cambodian countryside.

Lise McKean, AB'79, Divine Enterprise: Gurus and the Hindu Nationalist Movement (University of Chicago Press). Focusing on gurus and their involvement in the World Hindu Council, McKean explores the complex interrelations between religion and India's recent entry into the fray of transnational capitalism. Drawing from gurus' publications, the press, and field research, she illustrates how the upper-caste, ruling-class minority enhances its power by supporting spiritual leaders and their organizations.

David Satter, AB'68, Age of Delirium: The Decline and Fall of the Soviet Union (Knopf). A "collective chronicle" based on the life stories of Soviet citizens during the '70s and '80s, Satter's book shows how vividly the Soviet regime affected its citizens' lives, making it difficult to bring about far-reaching change in the post-Soviet era.

Philip Shabecoff, AM'57, A New Name for Peace: International Environmentalism, Sustainable Development, and Democracy (University Press of New England). Using the 1992 U.N. Conference on En-
vironment and Development (Earth Summit) as a focal point, Shabecoff presents a brief history of international environmentalism and examines the prospects for and obstacles to a new system of collective security based on environmentally sustainable and equitable global economic development.

Ralph Shlomowitz, PhD'79, Mortality and Migration in the Modern World (Variorum). Shlomowitz investigates the increased mortality suffered by 19th-century migrant groups as they moved from the disease environments of their childhood to new disease environments.

Barbara J. Sivertsen, AM'74, Turtles, Wolves, and Bears: A Mohawk Family History (Heritage Books). Using deeds, colonial documents, and church records, Sivertsen presents the history and genealogy of the late 17th- and 18th-century Mohawk Indians of New York, including their principal chiefs and women and their ties with the British Indian superintendent, Sir William Johnson.

Kenneth W. Thompson, AM'48, PhD'51, editor, Korea: A World in Change and NATO and the Changing World Order: An Appraisal by Scholars and Policymakers (University Press of America). The first collection of essays is about the evolving political, economic, and social conditions in North and South Korea. The second analyzes NATO and its changing role in this era of transition in the international order.

Michael D. Willis, AM'77, PhD'88, Inscriptions of Gopaksetra: Materials of the History of Central India (British Museum Press). Willis's book, a comprehensive catalog of inscriptions from the Gwalior region of southern India from the third century B.C. to the early 20th century, lays the groundwork for future studies of local history, dialects, religious cults, and institutions.

Howard Zehr, AM'67, Doing Life: Reflections of Men and Women Serving Life Sentences (Good Books). A collection of photographs of and interviews with men and women serving life sentences in Pennsylvania prisons, Zehr's book raises questions about the meaning of life sentences and restorative justice, for victim and offender alike.


Robert A. Chametzky, PhD'87, A Theory of Phrase Markers and the Extended Base (State University of New York Press). This piece of theory construction within the government and binding approach to syntax focuses on the base component and on the nature of phrase markers. Chametzky emphasizes isolating theoretical primitives and deducing their implications through the articulation of a suitable theoretical architecture.


Laurie L. Fajardo, MD'84; Kathleen M. Willison; Robert J. Pizzutiello, A Comprehensive Approach to Stereotactic Breast Biopsy (Blackwell Science). Suitable for radiologists, technologists, medical physicists, pathologists, and surgeons, this text discusses percutaneous, image-guided biopsy of nonpalpable breast tumors. The authors consider technical performance, equipment, quality assurance, patient care, efficacy, outcomes, and cost effectiveness.

Steven Forsythe, MBA'87, AIDS in Kenya: Socio-economic Impact and Policy Implications (United States Agency for International Development and AIDSCAP/Family Health International). Presenting a comprehensive picture of the social and economic aspects of AIDS in Kenya, the book discusses AIDS' impact on families and business as well as its demographic, legal, religious, and macroeconomic consequences.

Ellen Freudenheim, AM'72, HealthSpeak: A Complete Dictionary of America's HealthCare System (Facts on File). Designed to clarify confusion in health-care lingo, this resource is written for both laypeople and professionals and includes more than 2,000 terms, drawn from public health, health administration and law, medical ethics, epidemiology, government, economics, and insurance.

Kathi J. Kemper, AB'78, Holistic Pediatrician (HarperCollins). Written for parents, this guide to the 25 most common childhood ailments lists treatment options and reviews the scientific evidence for each of four types of therapies: biochemical, lifestyle, biomechanical, and bioenergetic.

Thomas A. Mappes and David DeGrazia, AB'83, editors, Biomedical Ethics, 4th ed. (McGraw-Hill). A comprehensive bioethics anthology containing over 100 articles, this volume includes nine chapters on specific bioethical issues, annotated bibliographies, and an appendix of case studies.

James E. Orlikoff, AM'78, and Mary Totten, The Future of Health Care Governance: Redesigning Boards for a New Era (American Hospital Publishing). Orlikoff and Totten review how revolutionary changes in health care are creating new forms of health-care delivery organizations and maintain that new forms of governance are required, presenting conceptual and practical models.

Harold E. Simmons, X'54, Does Smoking Cause Cancer? An Alternative Psychogenic Theory (General Welfare Publications). Simmons's theory argues that cancer is a direct result of chronic emotional stress, which produces an imbalance in body chemistry, and is not caused by smoking.


Marc Blecher, AM'72, PhD'78, and Vivienne Shue, Tethered Deer: Government and Economy in a Chinese County (Stanford University Press). Based on data collected in Shulu County for the last decade of the Mao era and the first decade of the Deng period, this study examines the middle ground between Beijing policy making and community-level politics, highlighting the contention and collaboration between county officials and administrative and production units over issues such as water rights, land use, urban crowding, and environmental degradation.

Harry M. Clor, AM'59, PhD'67, Public Morality and Liberal Society: Essays on Decency, Law, and Pornography (University of Notre Dame Press). Clor analyzes the idea of a public morality with a view to its philosophic justification and its prospects for survival in a liberal society.

Frank L. Klingberg, PhD'39, Positive Expectations of America's World Role: Historical Cycles of Realistic Idealism (University Press of America). Highlighting the idealistic core and positive expectations of most American presidents and other leaders concerning the nation's world role, Klingberg follows the cycles in America's historical development, suggesting that the U.S. will demonstrate world leadership for the next two decades.

Roger D. Masters, AM'58, PhD'61, Machiavelli, Leonardo, and the Science of Power (University of Notre Dame Press). Based on the discovery that Machiavelli knew and worked with Leonardo da Vinci between 1502 and 1507, Masters reinterprets Machiavelli's political teaching as a scientific approach to human nature and politics. The author contends that Machiavelli is a major philosopher whose theoretical understanding is confirmed by today's research in evolutionary biology and human social behavior.

Ellen S. Podgor, MBA'87; Jerold Israel; and Paul Borman, White-Collar Crime: Law and Practice (West Publishing). This casebook for law students offers a multidimensional approach to the study of white-collar crime, including a discussion of the investigation, prosecution, and defense of white-collar crime from both substantive and procedural perspectives.

Vickie Bertramson Sullivan, AM'86, PhD'90, Machiavelli's Three Romes: Religion, Human Liberty, and Politics Reformed (Northern Illinois University Press). Sullivan argues that three Romes exist in Machiavelli's political thought: the Christian Rome of his own times, the pagan Rome, and the Rome of his imagination, constructed in response to defects he detects in the other two.


Matthew Rettenmund, AB'91, Queer Baby Names and Totally Awesome '80s (St. Martin's Press). A satire of baby-naming books, the first book contains "64 pages of names to give your gay or lesbian, um, baby." The second book catalogs 1980s movies, TV, music, fads, and fashion--from Madonna to Michael, the Reagans to Chuck & Di, and "Video Killed the Radio Star" to The Breakfast Club.


Norman H. Anderson, SB'46, SM'49, A Functional Theory of Cognition (Lawrence Erlbaum Associates). Anderson presents a general theory of functional cognition--founded on the axiom of purposiveness--that includes social cognition, cognitive development, moral judgment, decision theory, psychophysics, memory, and language processing.

Mary Coleman, AB'49, and Christopher Gallberg The Schizophrenias: A Biological Approach to the Etiology of Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders (Springer Publishing). Written to help psychiatrists, neuropsychologists, and neurologists understand a biological approach to assessing, diagnosing, and treating schizophrenia, this book offers a medical model of treatment designed to ensure that every person diagnosed with schizophrenia receives a full medical evaluation to help rule out diseases that often have schizophrenia-like symptoms.

Stephen R. Shuchter, AB'65, MD'69; Nancy Downs; and Sidney Zisook, Biologically Informed Psychotherapy for Depression (Guilford). Beginning with an overview of biological theories of depressive disorders, the authors present an integrated approach to psychotherapy for such disorders, synthesizing psychoeducational, cognitive, and behavioral therapies; psychodynamic understanding; coping-skills training; family therapy; and psychopharmacology.


Gillian T. W. Ahlgren, AM'86, PhD'91, Teresa of Avila and the Politics of Sanctity (Cornell University Press). Ahlgren explores the theological and ecclesiastical climate of 16th-century Spain in this study of the challenges Teresa encountered as a female theologian and mystic. Ahlgren suggests that the rhetorical strategies Teresa developed to protect women's visionary experiences were subsequently used by church officials to rewrite aspects of her life and thought, transforming her into the model for official Counter-Reformation sanctity.

Jill Vance Buroker, AM'68, PhD'74, translator, Logic or the Art of Thinking: The Port-Royal Logic (Cambridge University Press). Buroker's translation of Antoine Arnauld and Pierre Nicole's work--which treats topics in logic, language, and metaphysics, as well as articulating the Jansenist response to orthodox Catholic and Protestant views on grace, free will, and the sacraments--includes a historical introduction and suggestions for further reading.

David DeGrazia, AB'83, Taking Animals Seriously: Mental Life and Moral Status (Cambridge University Press). DeGrazia explores philosophical issues pertaining to the moral status of animals and to related issues concerning their minds and well-being. Bypassing the debate between utilitarians and rights theorists, the author uses the coherence model of ethical justification to defend progressive conclusions regarding our treatment of animals.

Jan Narveson, AB'55, AB'56, Moral Matters, (Broadview Press); and Marilyn Friedman, Political Correctness: For and Against (Rowman & Littlefield); and John T. Sanders, editors, For and Against the State: New Philosophical Essays (Rowman & Littlefield). In the first book, Narveson develops a liberal-contractarian view of social morality, with short essays on applied ethics. In the second, the authors debate some commonly disputed topics in the political-correctness controversy, concluding with direct replies to each other's positions. The third, a collection of essays, addresses questions of political authority in light of recent political theory.

Michael A. Sells, AM'77, PhD'82, Early Islamic Mysticism (Paulist Press). Sells explores early Islamic mystical literature, including annotated translations from the Qur'an; Arabic poetry; traditions of Muhammad's heavenly ascent; sayings from the masters Junayd, Rabia, Bistami, Muhasibi, Niffari, and Hallaj; and selections from works of Sufism.

Mark I. Wallace, PhD'86, Fragments of the Spirit: Nature, Violence, and the Renewal of Creation (Continuum Publishing). Addressing themes such as postmodernism, metaphysics, truth, violence, nature, and evil, Wallace proposes a new, antiviolent, earth-centered model of the Holy Spirit in relation to recent work in theology, philosophy, critical theory, and environmental studies.

Brannon M. Wheeler, PhD'93, Applying the Canon in Islam: The Authorization and Maintenance of Interpretive Reasoning in Hanafi Scholarship (State University of New York Press). Comparing specific texts from Islamic legal exegesis with cases from Ndembu divination and Arunta religion, Wheeler suggests how the concept of canon and its authority might be conceived in broader theoretical terms.

Warren Ziegler, AB'48, AM'51, Ways of Enspiriting: Transformative Practices for the Twenty-first Century (FIA International). Ziegler explores ways of enspiriting--disciplined practices that help us reengage with our spirit so that it expresses itself in our lives, work, and relationships.


Devra G. Kleiman, SB'64; Mary E. Allen; Katerina V. Thompson, and Susan Lumpkin, editors, Wild Mammals in Captivity: Principles and Techniques (University of Chicago Press). A resource for zookeepers, curators, administrators, and veterinarians, this handbook covers husbandry and nutrition; design, planning, and management of exhibits; behavior, reproduction, and breeding; genetics and population management; and research with captive animals.


Bruce G. Carruthers, PhD'91, City of Capital: Politics and Markets in the English Financial Revolution (Princeton University Press). Analyzing the relationship between political conflict and market trading in early 18th-century London, Carruthers argues that partisanship influenced economic behavior and led to political discrimination in the marketplace. He concludes that individual share trading was driven by both economic and non-economic goals.

Joseph R. Gusfield, PhB'46, AM'49, PhD'54, Contested Meanings: The Construction of Alcohol Problems (University of Wisconsin Press). A collection of articles, ethnographic studies of bars, and a study of court-mandated procedures involving convicted drinking-drivers, this book focuses on the conflicting and changing ways that society defines social problems, specifically alcoholism, and on the social and policy consequences of those definitions.

Charles Jaret, AM'73, PhD'77, Contemporary Racial and Ethnic Relations (HarperCollins). Jaret summarizes and analyzes major issues in U.S. race and ethnic relations, with detailed treatment of race and racism; trends in racial attitudes, segregation, discrimination, and inequality; a review of efforts at assimilation and pluralism; and an examination of the main paths the struggle against racism has taken.


Louis F. Aulbach, AM'73, MBA'73, and Jack Richardson, The Lower Pecos River (Wilderness Area Map Service). This guide for canoeists and kayakers provides detailed descriptions of the west Texas river and its rapids for the 60 miles above its confluence with the Rio Grande. The book includes photographs and descriptions of archeological sites along the river's banks.

Kirsten M. Lagatree, AM'81, Feng Shui: Arranging Your Home to Change Your Life (Villard Books). Lagatree sketches the history of feng shui and provides a practical approach for understanding this ancient Chinese practice and incorporating its principles in the modern home or office.

John H. Martin, PhD'53, DB'54, and Phyllis G. Martin, X'53, Nara: A Cultural Guide to Japan's Ancient Capital; Kyoto: A Cultural Guide to Japan's Imperial Capital; Tokyo: A Cultural Guide to Japan's Modern Capital (Charles E. Tuttle Company). Divided into eight walking tours, the first book examines the cultural, historical, and artistic forces that made Nara. A guide to 14 walking tours, the second one shows Kyoto as an enticing modern city as well as a treasure house of shrines and temples. The third book presents 14 walking tours through the city's numerous districts, introducing the background, legends, and sights of old Edo.

For inclusion in "Books by Alumni," please send the book's name, author, publisher, field, and a short synopsis to the Books Editor, University of Chicago Magazine, 5757 Woodlawn Ave., Chicago, IL 60637, or by E-mail: uchicago-magazine@

  • Poetic Justice: Sylvia Major, PhB'34, became a poet in her 50s and started graduate school at age 69, pursuing her interest in peace, civil rights, women's rights, and ecology.
  • Ban the Box: Jean Lotus, AB'88, edits The White Dot, a newsletter about what it's like to live without a television.

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