IMAGE:  October 2002 GRAPHIC:  University of Chicago Magazine
 
OCTOBER 2002
Volume 95, Issue 1
 
 
   
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Morning and melancholia 
Geeks go Greek 
End of the Medical Marathon?
The worst of all possible worlds 

3 rms, future vu

 

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ART AND ARCHITECTURE
Thomas L. Cooper, MBA'70
, and Joseph Fischer, The Folk Art of Bali: The Narrative Tradition (Oxford University Press). The authors focus on Balinese narrative in classic painting, shadow puppets, glass painting, and embroideries. Balinese versions of the Ramayana and Mahabharata epics as well as indigenous narrative poetry and folklore are included.

Kingston W. Heath, AM'75, The Patina of Place: The Cultural Weathering of a New England Industrial Landscape (University of Tennessee Press). A multidisciplinary analysis of worker housing illustrates social change and cultural identity in New Bedford, Massachusetts.

Sally M. Promey, PhD'88, and David Morgan, PhD'90, editors, The Visual Culture of American Religions (University of California Press). Scholars of American art, religion, and culture examine the role of imagery in several U.S. religions from 1800 to the present.

Michael D. Sorkin, AB'69, and the Michael Sorkin Studio, Other Plans: University of Chicago Studies, 1998-2000 (Princeton Architectural Press). In 1998 the University of Chicago commissioned Sorkin to design an alternative to the University's official master architectural plan. Sorkin and his colleagues produced this "unsolicited" scheme for the campus.


BIOGRAPHY AND LETTERS
Donald R. Hettinga, AM'77, PhD'83
, The Brothers Grimm: Two Lives, One Legacy (Clarion Books). In a biography for children, Hettinga examines the social, political, and historical forces that shaped the lives of German folklorists Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm.

Albert Leong, AB'61, AM'66, PhD'70, Centaur: The Life and Art of Ernst Neizvestny (Rowman & Littlefield Publishers). Leong tells the story of the Russian sculptor who successfully defied Stalin, Kruschchev, Brezhnev, and the KGB to create major works of art. Exiled in 1976 Neizvestny returned to his homeland in 1989 to design the first monuments to Stalin's victims.

Anatol Rapoport, SB'38, SM'40, PhD'41, Skating on Thin Ice (RDR Books). Rapoport recounts his family's escape from persecution in Russia and the Ukraine during the early 20th-century wars and revolutions, their trek from the Caucasus Mountains to the Polish border, and their 1922 arrival in America.

Dorothy Weil, AB'49, The River Home: A Memoir (Ohio University Press). A "river rat," the child of a boatman on the Ohio, Missouri, and Mississippi Rivers, Weil places her life within the context of 20th-century American history, from the Great Depression and World War II to the present day.


BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS
Peter M. Birkeland, AM'89, PhD'95
, Franchising Dreams: The Lure of Entrepreneurship in America (University of Chicago Press). Birkeland describes the frustrations entrepreneurs encounter when starting franchises. He analyzes why franchises-which employ one in 16 U.S. workers-succeed or fail and the difficulties of running a business based on someone else's model.

Larry C. Downes, JD'93, The Strategy Machine: Building Your Business One Idea at a Time (HarperBusiness). With case studies of successful and failed businesses, this book shows how to develop a strategy portfolio to overcome internal and external obstacles.

Douglas S. Fletcher, MBA'67, and Ian Taplin, Understanding Organizational Evolution: Its Impact on Management and Performance (Quorum Books). As a company's size and complexity change, managers reinvent its structure, the authors argue. They provide a model for managing the resulting tensions.

Arthur M. Freedman, PhD'71, Finding Your Way in the Consulting Jungle (Jossey-Bass) and, with R. E. Zackrison, An Executive Guide to Employing Consultants (Gower). In Finding Your Way Freedman helps would-be consultants differentiate themselves from others, encouraging them to work collaboratively as members of multidisciplinary teams. In Executive Guide the authors describe how to find and manage consultants.

Mark L. Friedman, AB'73, MD'77, Everyday Crisis Management (First Decision Press). Friedman reviews how emergency physicians manage crises and applies the practices to business and personal situations. He examines the principles of critical action, planning for the unexpected, and decision making under pressure.

Laura Pincus Hartman, JD'88, editor, Perspectives in Business Ethics (McGraw Hill). Using case studies, hypotheticals, Internet material, and academic and popular press articles, this text addresses traditional business ethics topics.

Fela Moscovici, MAT'61, A Organização Por Tras do Espelho (The Organization behind the Mirror)(José Olympio). The book explores the hidden emotions, intuition, and spirituality in the workplace.

CRITICISM
John D. Cox, AM'68, PhD'75
, and Eric C. Rasmussen, AM'83, PhD'90, editors, King Henry VI, Part 3 (Thomson Learning). In this edition, part of the Arden Shakespeare series, Cox and Rasmussen look at performance, and criticism of the Shakespeare play. The book also includes a facsimile of the 1595 octavo.

Laura Harris Hapke, AM'69, Labor's Text: The Worker in American Fiction (Rutgers University Press). Hapke charts portrayals of workers in American fiction, including the the union-busting novelists of the Gilded Age and present-day marginalized, apolitical men and women.

Richard A. Kaye, AB'82, The Flirt's Tragedy: Desire without End in Victorian and Edwardian Fiction (University of Virginia Press). Flirtation, Kaye argues, is a unique, neglected form of eros whose deepest, most elaborately sustained fulfillment occurs in the 19th- and early-20th-century novel, from the Brontës to E. M. Forster.

Patricia H. Michaelson, AM'77, PhD'85, Speaking Volumes: Women, Reading, and Speech in the Age of Austen (Stanford University Press). Michaelson discusses women's language of the late 18th century, charting connections between speech and reading in the oral performance of literature.

Elinor Smith Miller, AM'54, PhD'66, Prisms and Rainbows: Michel Butor's Collaborations with Jacques Monory, Jiri Kolar, and Pierre Alechinsky (Associated University Presses). Miller explores French poet Michael Butor's connections to three visual artists who inspired his work and focuses on Butor's use of humor and poetic harmony as rhetorical devices in support of his politics.

Angelo Restivo, AB'72, The Cinema of Economic Miracles: Visuality and Modernization in the Italian Art Film (Duke University Press). Focusing on filmmakers Pier Paulo Pasolini and Michelangelo Antonioni, Restivo analyzes Italian film relative to the economic and cultural changes of the 1960s.

James P. Scanlan, AB'48, AM'50, PhD'56, Dostoevsky the Thinker (Cornell University Press). Drawing on Dostoevsky's letters, notes, diaries, essays, novels, and short stories, Scanlan presents a critical study of the writer's philosophical views.

Richard A. Schwartz, AM'74, PhD'77, The Films of Ridley Scott (Greenwood Press). Schwartz provides the first book-length academic study of the director of such popular films as Blade Runner and Gladiator.

Robert R. Wilson, AB'56, AM'58, The Hydra's Tale: Imagining Disgust (University of Alberta Press). Wilson treats the experience of disgust not from the perspective of the disgusting object-in-the-world but rather from its representation. He argues that what disgusts is not irrevocably fixed but fluid, changing from culture to culture.


EDUCATION
Henry H. Rubin, AB'74, AM'75
, Collaborative Leadership: Developing Effective Partnerships in Communities and Schools (Corwin Press). Rubin describes how educators and community and government leaders can create positive change in educational systems. The book provides tools and collaborative models for boosting school performance.


FICTION AND POETRY
Anoop Chandola, PhD'66
, The Second Highest World War: The Rama Theater (iUniverse). A deceased journalist's memoirs reveal an untold World War II story from india's Himalayan region.

Shelby Scott Gaille, JD'95, The Law Review (Creative Arts Books). Gaille's legal thriller, set at the U of C Law School, examines the many forms of obsession and the price some students willingly pay for success.

Carmelo Gariano, PhD'64, Confidencias del fauno (Spanish Press). Gariano's collection of seven Spanish-language nouvelles contains stories of native and immigrant Hispanic characters, reflecting the author's contact with the Mexican and Cuban communities in California.

Su Kwak, MFA'79, Light in the Heart also Love and Art (Dana Gi Hoek). A Korean woman struggles to become an international artist and to establish herself in America.

Mario Andino López, AM'67, Fuera de Juego (Offside) (Ediciones Academia). In this Spanish-language novel a young athlete from the provinces breaks into professional soccer, encountering corruption, the sports underworld, and the immense power of journalism.

Barbara B. Powell, AM'87, Strange Pilgrim (Second Page Books). This volume features poems inspired by the Christian mystical tradition.

Nathaniel R. Tarn, AM'52, PhD'56, Selected Poems: 1950-2000 (Wesleyan University Press). This retrospective edition contains Tarn's principal writings, including three long poems and recent work.

Olga Adler Titelbaum, AB'37, PhD'67, Kaleidoscope (Copy Central). This book includes the author's notes and poems, translations, letters, a discussion of poetics, and quotations from some favorite poems.

James B. Zagel, AB'62, AM'62, Money to Burn (Putnam Publishing Group). In this mystery a federal district court judge heads a team of thieves in robbing the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago. When one member of the group is injured, he proves to be a weak link.


GENDER STUDIES
Lillian E. Doherty, AM'77, PhD'82
, Gender and the Interpretation of Classical Myth (Duckworth Press). The book is an overview and feminist critique of the prevailing theoretical approaches to Greek and Roman mythology.

Claire C. Robertson, AM'68, and Stanlie M. James, editors, Genital Cutting and Transnational Sisterhood: Disputing U.S. Polemics (University of Illinois Press). Five contributors critique mainstream Western media depictions of female genital cutting, aiming to dispel sensationalized and widely accepted myths about the practice.


GEOGRAPHY
Charlotte Adelman, AB'59, JD'62
, and Bernard L. Schwartz, Prairie Directory of North America (Lawndale Enterprises). This comprehensive listing of U.S. and Canadian prairies includes descriptions of each prairie's environmental and geological area and flora and fauna.

William G. Loy, SM'62, editor, Atlas of Oregon, second edition (University of Oregon Press). This comprehensive atlas includes sections on Oregon history, industry, religion, politics, transportation, population, and education.


HISTORY/CURRENT EVENTS
Virginia Walcott Beauchamp, PhD'55
, Elizabeth H. Hageman, and Margaret Mikesell, editors, The Instruction of a Christen Woman (University of Illinois Press). First published in Latin in 1523, this treatise by Spanish humanist-and convert from Judaism-Juan Luis Vives strongly influenced the behavior of Tudor women. Vives's rules capture the conflicted ideas about women in early modern England.

Katherine E. Bliss, PhD'96, Compromised Positions: Prostitution, Public Health, and Gender Politics in Revolutionary Mexico City (Penn State University Press). Focusing on the early-20th-century public debates about the spread of sexually transmitted diseases in Mexico City and the proposed legalization of sexual commerce, this book shows how political change was repeatedly compromised by reformers' antiquated ideas about gender and class, prostitutes' outrage over attempts to undermine their livelihood, and clients' unwillingness to forgo visiting brothels despite campaigns promoting monogamy.

John Coleman Darnell, PhD'95, with Deborah L. Darnell, AM'89, Theban Desert Road Survey in the Egyptian Western Desert, Volume 1: Gebel Tjauti Rock Inscriptions 1-45 and Wadi el-Hôl Rock Inscriptions 1-45 (Oriental Institute Publications). The Darnells produced this volume of inscriptions from Gebel Tjauti and Wadi el-Hôl, two major concentrations of rock inscriptions and rock art in pharaonic caravan routes in the Egyptian Western Desert. The inscriptions, ranging in date from predynastic to Christian, provide evidence for historical events, transportation patterns, and religious rites.

Mary Carpenter Erler, AM'62, PhD'81, Women, Reading and Piety, in Late Medieval England (Cambridge University Press). Erler explores social and intellectual history as she traces networks of female book ownership and exchange. She tells seven stories of women who owned books between 1350 and 1550.

Thomas Goebel, PhD'93, A Government by the People: Direct Democracy in America, 1890-1940 (University of North Carolina Press). Goebel examines the introduction of direct democracy-a collective term for initiative, referendum, and recall-as well as motives for its use and the results of its implementation.

Sheldon L. Gosline, AM'93, translator, Male and Female Circumcision: Among Jews, Christians, and Muslims and Muslims in the West (Shangri-La Publications); and with Jean-Philippe Fontanille, The Coins of Pontius Pilate (Shangri-La Publications). The first book, a translation of Sami A. Aldeeb's original work in French and Arabic, addresses the religious, legal, medical, and social issues surrounding circumcision. Also a translation, Muslims describes the perspectives of Muslim communities within Western countries. In the third book the authors discuss the life and times of Pontius Pilate, using evidence from Roman coins bearing his image.

Anthony T. Grafton, AB'71, AM'72, PhD'75, Bring out Your Dead: The Past as Revelation (Harvard University Press). In this essay collection, Grafton explores Renaissance-era scholarly communities and their works. He writes about how scholars such as Bacon, Alberti, and Vico influenced the arts, literature, science, and politics.

Frances Richardson Keller, PhD'73, Fictions of U.S. History: A Theory and Four Illustrations (Indiana University Press). Arguing that the dominant fictions of an era influence historical actors, Keller applies her theory to patriarchal systems, Reconstruction and African-American rights, Mormon polygamy, and Eleanor Roosevelt.

Ross D. Netherton Jr., AB'39, AM'40, JD'43, and Ann Rohrke Netherton, PhB'47, The Preservation of History in Fairfax County, Virginia (University Press of America). This study narrates Fairfax County's significant events, personalities, public groups, and private organizations. The authors describe the county's programs in landmark preservation, historic-district zoning, archaeology, indexing of colonial court records, and historic publications.

Frank A. Sanello, AB'74, Opium Wars: The Politics and Economics of Addiction (Sourcebooks). Sanello chronicles the two 19th-century wars fought between Britain and China, examining the devastation in China wrought by British opium imports.

Donald M. Seekins, AM'72, PhD'80, The Disorder in Order: The Army-State in Burma since 1962 (White Lotus). Seekins discusses Burmese military rule, first under General Ne Win (1962-88) and then under the State Law and Order Restoration Council, a group of young generals who assumed power in September 1988. He details the emergence of nonviolent, democratic opposition and the struggles of ethnic minority groups to achieve self-government.

Marilyn Shevin-Coetzee, AM'78, PhD'83, and Frans Coetzee, AM'79, PhD'83, World War I: A History in Documents (Oxford University Press). A selection of contemporary newspaper articles, memoirs, letters, and photographs recreates the war's social, cultural, and military aspects.

Terry G. Wilfong, AB'87, AM'89, PhD'94, The Women of Jeme: Women's Roles in a Coptic Town in Late Antique Egypt (University of Michigan Press). Using texts, physical remains of their possessions, and writings of local religious leaders, Wilfong creates a portrait of the women of a Christian enclave in Egypt that existed from 600 to 800 C.E.

Andrew O. Wolpert, PhD'95, Remembering Defeat: Civil War and Civic Memory in Ancient Athens (Johns Hopkins University Press). In their civic speeches after the Peloponnesian War, Athenians, Wolpert argues, addressed their defeat by Sparta and the overthrow of democracy, reaching a reconciliation in which conspirators and collaborators went unpunished.


LINGUISTICS
Margaret C. Bender, AM'89, PhD'96
, Signs of Cherokee Culture: Sequoyah's Syllabary in Eastern Cherokee Life (University of North Carolina Press). Building on her fieldwork among the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians in North Carolina, Bender uses a semiotic approach to investigate the historic and contemporary role of the written system for representing sounds in the Cherokee language.


MATHEMATICS
Leonard D. Berkovitz, SB'46, SM'48, PhD'51
, Convexity and Optimization in Rn (John Wiley). Berkovitz presents the mathematics of finite dimensional constrained optimization problems. The book provides a basis for further study of convexity, more general optimization problems, and numerical algorithms for solving finite dimensional optimization problems.

Geraldine Brady, AB'72, AM'90, From Peirce to Skolem (Elsevier). The fourth in a series, this book recounts the influence of Ernst Schroeder, Leopold Loewenheim, and Thoralf Skolem's work on the mathematical logic of Charles S. Peirce and his student, O. H. Mitchell.


POLITICAL SCIENCE AND LAW
Judith A. Baer, AM'71, PhD'74
, editor, Historical and Multicultural Encyclopedia of Women's Reproductive Rights in the United States (Greenwood Press). With articles on laws, court cases, activists, and technological advances, this book details the diverse positions on reproductive rights.

Robert J. Barros, AM'83, PhD'96, Constitutionalism and Dictatorship: Pinochet, the Junta, and the 1980 Constitution (Cambridge University Press). Drawing on primary documentation of the Chilean military regime's internal decision making, Barros challenges established accounts of the dictatorship and constitution making under Pinochet. He suggests that autocracies can self-limit their power through institutions.

Merle Black, AM'67, PhD'72, and Earl Black, The Rise of Southern Republicans (Harvard University Press). This last volume in a trilogy examining Southern politics traces the late-20th-century rebirth of Republican influence. The authors review congressional elections from the 1950s to the present day and analyze their effects on regional and national politics.

Richard V. Carter, AM'47, Survival Meetings: Highlights of the World Government Movement, 1947 to 1952, a Personal Journey (Writers Club Press). Carter recalls his role in the postwar effort to prevent nuclear annihilation and to transform the United Nations into a true world government.

Dane S. Claussen, MBA'86, editor, Sex, Religion, Media (Rowman & Littlefield). Claussen explores media portrayals of sex and religion since 1950. Case studies include Canadian priests' sexual abuse of orphans, sexual and religious imagery in music videos, and Protestant magazines' battles against network television and convenience stores selling pornographic magazines.

Brendan M. Dooley, PhD'86, Morandi's Last Prophecy and the End of Renaissance Politics (Princeton University Press). Dooley portrays the political and cultural turmoil of early-17th-century Rome in his account of the trial of abbot and astrologer Orazio Morandi, who outraged the Church hierarchy by predicting the death of Pope Urban VIII.

Gerald C. Hickey, AM'53, PhD'58, Window on a War: An Anthropologist in the Vietnam Conflict (Texas Tech University Press). Drawing on his observations while conducting research in Indochina from 1956 to 1973, Hickey argues that the U.S. failure in Vietnam stemmed from ignorance of Vietnamese nationalism and the U.S. strategy of making military decisions without considering their impact on South Vietnamese society.

Jennifer Smith Holmes, AB'93, Terrorism and Democratic Stability (Manchester University Press). This volume in the Perspectives on Democratization series examines, from an Aristotelian perspective, the effects of terrorism and state repression on democratic stability in Uruguay, Peru, and Spain.

Taeku Lee, PhD'97, Mobilizing Public Opinion: Black Insurgency and Racial Attitudes in the Civil Rights Era (University of Chicago Press). Lee focuses on the struggle over the moral principles, group interests, and racial animosities that defined public support for racial policies during the Civil Rights movement. Grassroots organizations and local protests, Lee argues, pushed demands for social change into the general public's consciousness and onto the political elites' policy agendas.

Oliver Lepsius, LLM'93, Besitz und Sachherrschaft im öffentlichen Recht (Possession and the Right of Property in Public Law) (Mohr Siebeck). Lepsius discusses the right of property as a constitutional limitation to German environmental law.

John P. McCormick, PhD'95, editor, Confronting Mass Democracy and Industrial Technology: Political and Social Theory from Nietzsche to Habermas (Duke University Press). McCormick takes an interdisciplinary approach to German political and social theory, analyzing how German intellectuals grappled with the ramifications of democracy, technology, and control from the late Kaiserreich through the era of German reunification.

Yue-man Yeung, PhD'72, editor, New Challenges for Development and Modernization: Hong Kong and the Asia-Pacific Region in the New Millennium (Chinese University Press). This essay collection examines economic globalization, political and social change, and regional patterns of transformation.


PSYCHIATRY/PSYCHOLOGY
Jerrold R. Brandell, PhD'82
, editor, Psychoanalytic Approaches to the Treatment of Children and Adolescents: Tradition and Transformation (Haworth Press). In this anthology eight authors explore psychoanalytic work with children and teenagers, from both clinical and theoretical perspectives.

Oliver G. Cameron, PhD'72, MD'74, Visceral Sensory Neuroscience: Interception (Oxford University Press). This comprehensive review of the neuroscience, psychophysiology, behavioral science, and psychology of visceral sensation and perception explains how we are aware of and affected by our nervous system.

Maga Jackson-Triche, AB'71, MD'75, Kenneth B. Wells, and Katherine Minnium, Beating Depression: The Journey to Hope (McGraw-Hill). Based on a study of how to improve care for depression, this guide provides tools for distinguishing clinical depression from a bad case of the blues and outlines a step-by-step plan for getting and staying well.

Grant J. Rich, AM'96, PhD'01, editor, Massage Therapy: The Evidence for Practice (Harcourt Health Sciences). This volume explores the efficacy of massage across the lifespan and for conditions ranging from immune disorders to spinal cord injury. Contributors have backgrounds in medicine, psychology, nursing, and occupational therapy.

Arnold Winston, AB'56, and Beverly Winston, Handbook of Integrated Short-Term Psychotherapy (American Psychiatric Publishing). This book presents an integrated brief psychotherapy approach that incorporates cognitive-behavioral, interpersonal, and psychoanalytically derived expressive and supportive treatments.


RELIGION AND PHILOSOPHY
W. Boyd Barrick, AM'73, PhD'77
, The King and the Cemeteries: Toward a New Understanding of Josiah's Reform (Brill). Barrick examines Biblical reports of Josiah's reform in Kings and Chronicles, concentrating on these passages' compositional history and usefulness as sources for reconstructing the likely history of Josiah's reign.

Stewart J. Brown, AM'74, PhD'81, The National Churches of England, Ireland, and Scotland 1801-46 (Oxford University Press). Brown explores the early-19th-century struggle to strengthen the influence of the national churches. Those seeking strong national churches faced the growth of Catholic nationalism in Ireland, the emergence of liberalism in Britain, and the movement within churches for independence from the state.

Robert F. Campany, AM'83, PhD'88, To Live as Long as Heaven and Earth: A Translation and Study of Ge Hong's Traditions of Divine Transcendents (University of California Press). Ge Hong (283-343 C.E.) collected and preserved the stories of late-classical and early-medieval Chinese ascetics who sought to become transcendents-immortal beings with supernatural powers. Outlining the ascetics' dietetic, alchemical, meditative, sexual, and medicinal disciplines, Campany's book offers a critical translation and commentary.

Raymond H. Comeau, MAT'65, PhD'73, Through a Mirror, Brightly: Reflections of a Mind Illuminated through A Course in Miracles (Xlibris Press). Twelve articles detail the author's experiences while studying A Course in Miracles, a self-study spiritual thought system.

Brian J. Mahan, PhD'89, Forgetting Ourselves on Purpose: Vocation and the Ethics of Ambition (Jossey-Bass Publishers). Mahan argues that the conflict between compassion and personal ambition can be overcome. Giving anecdotes as examples and exercises for self-analysis, he shows how to balance work and spirit in a fast-paced world.

Charles W. Meister, AM'42, PhD'48, From Terrorism to World Peace (New Falcon Press). Describing terrorism as a divisive religion, Meister shows how a coalition of democracies opposing terrorism can establish a world order based on unitive religion, embracing universal love and peace.

Joseph L. Price II, AM'79, PhD'82, editor, From Season to Season: Sports as American Religion (Mercer University Press). Nine scholars of religion and theology explore the relationship between religion and sports in American popular culture. Essays include "The Super Bowl as Religious Festival" and "Myth and Ritual in Professional Wrestling."

William F. Schulz III, AM'74, Making the Manifesto: The Birth of Religious Humanism (Skinner House Books). With a foreword by Divinity School professor Martin Marty, PhD'56, Schulz recounts the religious humanist movement in the United States, which reached its height in the 1920s and 1930s.

Astrida O. Tantillo, AM'90, PhD'94, The Will to Create: Goethe's Philosophy of Nature (University of Pittsburgh Press). This study of Goethe's natural philosophy analyzes his work in physics, botany, morphology, zoology, and meteorology. It investigates Geothe's principles of will-driven nature, which has significance for objectivity, scientific method, and the status of natural law.

John V. Tolan, AM'86, PhD'90, Saracens: Islam in the Medieval European Imagination (Columbia University Press). Tolan describes how and why Christian writers distorted the teachings of Islam and caricatured its believers. Arguing that medieval Europeans felt threatened by Muslim military and economic achievements, Tolan explores how denigration of the other was used to defend one's intellectual construction of the world.

Brannon M. Wheeler, PhD'93, Prophets in the Quran: An Introduction to the Quran and Muslim Exegesis (Continuum). In English, Wheeler presents selections from the Quran and classical Muslim exegesis and recounts the stories of the prophets from Adam to Muhammad. He draws parallels with Jewish and Christian interpretations of the Bible and provides a glossary of transmitters and interpreters.


SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Mark S. Blumberg, AM'87, PhD'88
, Body Heat: Temperature and Life on Earth (Harvard University Press). Temperature, Blumberg points out, rules the lives of all animals, including humans. He explains the physical principles that govern bodily heat flow and the complex evolutionary devices allowing animals to exploit temperature for their own benefit.

Laurence Finberg, SB'44, MD'46, and Ronald E. Kleinman, editors, Saunders Manual of Pediatric Practice, second edition (W. B. Saunders). The book covers the field of clinical pediatrics for practitioners, residents, and students, with emphasis on diagnosis, pathophysiology, and treatment.

Samuel M. Scheiner, AB'78, SM'80, PhD'83, Jessica Gurevitch, and Gordon A. Fox, The Ecology of Plants (Sinauer Associates). This upper-level undergraduate textbook focuses on plants' interactions with their environments. The book emphasizes evolutionary and other historical processes and human influences on current ecology.

Joseph Seckbach, SM'63, PhD'65, editor, Symbiosis (Kluwer). In this fourth volume in the series, Cellular Origin and Life in Extreme Habitats, 50 experts present various aspects of symbiosis, from gene transfer, morphological features, and biodiversity to individual organisms sharing mutual cellular habitats.

Eugene S. Stevens, PhD'65, Green Plastics: An Introduction to the New Science of Biodegradable Plastics (Princeton University Press). Stevens examines the recent development of environment-friendly plastics and points to a possible future in which plastics are made of plants rather than petroleum.

Robert Wanerman, AB'79, and Kendra Dimond, Clinical Research: Federal Rules and Regulations Manual (Management Concepts). This overview of the laws, manuals, and policies governing federally funded and regulated biomedical research discusses human subject protections, grant administration, research misconduct, conflicts of interest, and protection of intellectual property.


SOCIAL SCIENCES
Edward A. Allworth, AM'53
, William L. Hanaway, Fitrat, and Abd Al-Qadir Bidil, Evading Reality: The Devices of 'Abdalrauf Fitrat, Modern Central Asian Reformist (Brill Academic Publishers). This book offers translations, analyses, and facsimiles of four published dialogues written by Fitrat, who led the liberal Reformist movement that unsettled traditional Central Asia early in the 20th century.

Stanley H. Brandes, AB'64, Staying Sober in Mexico City (University of Texas Press). Brandes spent two years observing an all-male, working-class Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) group in Mexico City. Focusing on group dynamics, ritual and masculine identity, Brandes's ethnography attempts to explain the enormous popularity of AA in Latin America today.

Jere M. Cohen, PhD'71, Protestantism and Capitalism: The Mechanisms of Influence (Aldine de Gruyter). Cohen evaluates the influence of English Puritanism on capitalism in light of Max Weber's theory about the Protestant work ethic. Cohen concludes that Puritanism exerted only a moderate influence on the acceptance of capitalism and offers a modified version of Weber's thesis.

Judith B. Farquhar, AM'75, AM'79, PhD'86, Appetites: Food and Sex in Post-Socialist China (Duke University Press). Drawing on fiction, medical texts, film and television, journalism, and observations of clinics and urban daily life in Beijing, Farquhar argues that contemporary Chinese appetites for food and sex are grounded in history.

Marcus K. Felson, AB'69, Crime and Everyday Life, third edition (Pine Forge Press). In this revised introductory criminology text, Felson demonstrates how routines of daily life can set the stage for criminal activity and how simple changes in these routines and in the physical environment can reduce crime.

Ann Grodzins Gold, AB'75, AM'78, PhD'84, and Bhoju Ram Gujar, In the Time of Trees and Sorrows: Nature, Power, and Memory in Rajasthan (Duke University Press). Based on tape-recorded recollections of largely illiterate farmers, herders, leather workers, and others, this book details environmental, social, and religious transformations from 1930 to 1960 in the village kingdoms of Sawar, now part of Rajastahn state in northern India, where the shift from autocracy to democracy and modernity was sudden and radical.

Nancy Oestreich Lurie, AM'47, and Francis Paul Prucha, Wisconsin Indians (Wisconsin Historical Society Press). This revised and expanded edition extends the account of Wisconsin-Indian culture through the end of the 20th century and includes the influence of gaming.

Michael E. Meeker, AM'66, PhD'70, A Nation of Empire: The Ottoman Legacy of Turkish Modernity (University of California Press). Meeker integrates a contemporary ethnography of public life in Turkish towns and villages with a historical study of official Ottoman documents, consular reports, and travel narratives to explain how a state-oriented provincial oligarchy was produced and replicated along the Black Sea's eastern coast.

Margaret K. Rosenheim, JD'49, Franklin E. Zimring, David S. Tanenhaus, and Bernardine Dohrn, editors, A Century of Juvenile Justice (University of Chicago Press). Marking the centennial of the U.S. juvenile court, the authors explore fundamental issues of youth welfare and justice, including the government's proper role in children's lives, the effects of race and class on the treatment of young offenders, and the purposes of intervention.

William S. Sax, AM'82, PhD'87, Dancing the Self: Personhood and Performance in the Pandav Lila (Oxford University Press). Studying central Himalayan traditional performances of the Mahabharata epic, Sax explores how public enactment of rituals creates a regional self, a caste self, and a gendered self.

C. J. Wan-ling Wee, PhD'93, editor, Local Cultures and the "New Asia": The State, Culture, and Capitalism in Southeast Asia (Institute of Southeast Asian Studies). Cooperation and resistance, says the author, can simultaneously conspire to allow a culture to survive economic restructuring.


TRAVEL AND LEISURE
Catherine M. Mansell, AB'82, AM'85, The Visitors/Los Visitantes (University of Utah Press). In this bilingual edition of a chapter from the forthcoming Miraculous Air, the author, under the pen name C. M. Mayo, visits Todos Santos, a Baja California pueblo near the Pacific Ocean.



The Alumni Works section includes notices about books, CDs, performances, and exhibits. For inclusion, please send the title of your book, CD, performance, or exhibit; the author's or artist's name; the publisher, distributor, or venue; field; and a short synopsis to the Alumni Works Editor, University of Chicago Magazine, 5801 S. Ellis Ave., Chicago, IL 60637, or by e-mail: uchicago-magazine@uchicago.edu. Because of the large volume of submissions, it takes at least four months from receipt for a notice to appear in print.


 

 

 


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