IMAGE:  December 2002 GRAPHIC:  University of Chicago Magazine
 
DECEMBER 2002
Volume 95, Issue 2
 
 
   
LINK:  Class Notes
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The Complexity Complex  
Three Months among the Pyramids  
Index to a Canon
Retrospective  

The Real Life Adventures of Pinocchio

 

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Books
ART AND ARCHITECTURE
Arthur L. Knight III, AB’83, AM’85, PhD’98, Disintegrating the Musical: Black Performance and American Musical Film (Duke University Press). Knight studies musical representations of African Americans on film—from blackface to jazz shorts—focusing on America’s classic sound era.

BIOGRAPHY AND LETTERS
John K. Alexander, AM’65, PhD’73
, Samuel Adams: America’s Revolutionary Politician (Rowman & Littlefield). Alexander offers a full-life biography of Samuel Adams, Revolutionary War–era patriot and politician, and emphasizes Adams’s extraordinary political skills and philosophical consistency.

BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS
John C. Attig, AM’61
, College in Three Years: Stop Wasting Time and Money (Writers Club Press). Attig encourages students to get through college quicker by taking advantage of Advanced Placement exams, community-college courses, and other cost-cutting measures.

Peter Frumkin, PhD’97, On Being Nonprofit: A Conceptual and Policy Primer (Harvard University Press). Frumkin provides an overview of the evolving nonprofit sector, its public purposes, and its private values.

Michel Crouhy, Dan Galai, PhD’75, and Robert Mark, Risk Management (McGraw-Hill). In this comprehensive treatment of risk management, the authors examine regulatory, theoretical, and practical aspects of credit, market, and operational risks.

Paul G. Keat, AM’52, PhD’59, and Philip K. Y. Young, Managerial Economics: Economic Tools for Today’s Decision Makers, fourth edition (Prentice Hall). This text studies the decision-making process of managers at Global Foods, a hypothetical company. It includes actual business examples and an added chapter on the new economy.

Philip Kotler, AM’53, Marketing Management: Analysis, Planning, Implementation and Control, 11th edition (Prentice-Hall); with Dipak C. Jain and Suvit Maesincee, Marketing Moves: A New Approach to Profits, Growth, and Renewal (Harvard Business School Press); and with Thomas Hayes and Paul N. Bloom, Marketing Professional Services: Forward-Thinking Strategies for Boosting Your Business, Your Image, and Your Profits, second edition (Prentice-Hall). Marketing Management updates coverage and features hundreds of new cases, with an emphasis on customer-relationship management, technology and the Internet, brand building, and global marketing. In Marketing Moves, the authors stress that changes in technology, regulation, and globalization create a need for strategic holistic marketing. In the updated Marketing Professional Services, the authors examine the role of marketing in any profession.

CRITICISM
Theodore Silverstein, author, John C. Jacobs, AM’66, PhD’75, editor, Literate Laughter: Critical Essays in Medieval Narrative and Poetry (Peter Lang Publishing). This collection of essays by U of C English professor Theodore Silverstein (1904–2001) covers medieval poetry and Gawain romances, with special attention to Sir Gawain and the Green Knight.

Philip C. Kolin, AM’67, editor, Undiscovered Country: The Later Plays of Tennessee Williams (Peter Lang Publishing). This collection of 15 original essays explores Williams’s later works (post–Night of the Iguana) from the perspectives of performance theory, postmodernism, theology, and philosophy. The essays argue that the later works, often seen as inferior to the playwright’s earlier writings, are actually vital to his canon.

Donald E. Palumbo, AB’70, Chaos Theory, Asimov’s Foundations and Robots, and Herbert’s Dune: The Fractal Aesthetic of Epic Science Fiction (Greenwood Press). The author argues that, more than 30 years before the scientific community formally recognized chaos theory, both Isaac Asimov and Frank Herbert articulated it in their fiction.

EDUCATION
Walter R. Allen, AM’73, PhD’75
; Margaret Beale Spencer, PhD’76; and Carla Dawn C. O’Connor, AM’91, PhD’96, editors, African American Education: Race, Community, Inequality and Achievement: A Tribute to Edgar G. Epps (JAI Press). On the occasion of Epps’s retirement from the U of C faculty, a group of scholars influenced by his work considers contemporary African-American education. The scholars’ approach—drawn from the “Chicago School” tradition—seeks to simultaneously consider empirical, historical, racial, and public-policy perspectives on urban life.

Craig A. Cunningham, AM’92, PhD’94, and Marty Billingsley, Curriculum Webs: A Practical Guide to Weaving the Web into Teaching and Learning (Allyn & Bacon). This book helps pre- and inservice teachers integrate Web sites into their curriculum.

William H. Jeynes, PhD’97, Divorce, Family Structure, and the Academic Success of Children (Haworth Press). Jeynes analyzes National Education Longitudinal Survey data and outlines issues for future research.

Lois Y. Roney, AM’65, Academic Animals: A Bestiary of Higher-Education Teaching and How It Got that Way (Xlibris). Roney profiles 18 ubiquitous faculty types, including “rooster” (academic visionary), “mule” (academic enabler), “shark” (critical theorist), “bullfrog” (toxic expert), and “loris” (teaching adjunct).

FICTION AND POETRY
Harrison T. Beardsley, X’45
, Flying for an Angel (Xlibris). Investigating a murder case involving a controversial Silicon Valley venture capitalist, a detective aims to create his own fame.

Dhruba Bhattacharya, AB’01, Twilight on the Yamuna (iUniverse). In this novel, Bhattacharya details the life of Sandy, a young South-Asian girl searching for love. The author explores the values and ideals that shape Indian, American, and Indian-American identities.

Bonnie J. Campbell, AB’84, Q Road: A Novel (Scribner & Sons). Campbell’s first novel portrays a sixth-generation farmer and his rifle-toting child bride, an evangelical bartender, a tabloid-reading agoraphobe, a philandering window salesman, and an asthmatic boy who longs for the love of a good father—all neighbors on Greenland Township’s Q Road in rural southwestern Michigan.

Phillip E. Jackson, PhD’81, Timeshift Trilogy Book II: Between Two Worlds (PublishAmerica). In his sequel to Timeshift, Jackson describes a world where history can be viewed by those in the present. One man journeys back in time to prove that the past can be changed, only to bring tension and the threat of civil war to contemporary times.

Catherine M. Mansell, AB’82, AM’85, The Visitors / Los Visitantes (Tameme). This is a bilingual edition of a chapter from Mansell’s (pen name c. m. mayo) Miraculous Air: Journey of a Thousand Miles through Baja California, the Other Mexico, a travelogue of the history, economics, literature, and politics of Baja California.

Anthony A. Perona, MBA’81, Second Advent: A Novel (Five Star Press). The murder of a wealthy religious patriarch leads a freelance writer to find a miracle.

Mark S. Swartz, AM’93, Instant Karma (City Lights Books). This novel in diary form follows an overzealous patron of the Chicago Public Library as he plots to blow up the library he loves.

GENDER STUDIES
Ellen Lewin, AB’67
, and William L. Leap, editors, Out in Theory: The Emergence of Lesbian and Gay Anthropology (University of Illinois Press). The essay collection tracks the emergence of lesbian and gay studies as a specialization in anthropology, archaeology, and linguistics.

Joanne J. Meyerowitz, AB’76, How Sex Changed: A History of Transsexuality in the United States (Harvard University Press). The author traces “sex-change” history from 19th- and early 20th-century sex-change experiments on animals to Christine Jorgensen’s 1952 sex- change surgery to today’s transgender movement.

HISTORY/CURRENT EVENTS
Greg Eghigian, AM’85, PhD’93
, and Matthew P. Berg, AM’85, PhD’93, editors, Sacrifice and National Belonging in 20th Century Germany (Texas A&M University Press). This interdisciplinary volume examines how Germans created a sense of national community after inflicting, and then coming to terms with, widespread suffering.

Harvey M. Karlen, AB’39, PhD’50, Chicago’s Mail: An Anthology of Postal History Articles Focusing upon the Community’s Growth, Its Interests, and Its Attitudes (Collectors Club of Chicago). This collection of articles details how Chicago’s mail was handled during various phases of the city’s life.

Alice Carlstedt Nelson, AM’54, Post-War Europe through the Eyes of Youth (Vantage Press). Based on the author’s diary, this book recounts how Europeans coped after WW II with destroyed cities, homes, and lives and how they viewed the U.S. role in recovery.

E. Gerald Pires, SM’59, Ichi Ban Outfit (Elderberry Press). In telling the story of the 474th Signal Aviation Construction Company, Pires offers a snapshot of Japan as it emerged from Allied occupation after WW II.

Jeffrey Quilter, AB’72, and Gary Urton, editors, Narrative Threads: Accounting and Recounting in Andean Khipu (University of Texas Press). The 13 essays in this collection examine khipu, the knotted and dyed string-record system used by the Inca and other Andean peoples. The little-studied communication system is analyzed through formal studies, early colonial-period records, and the use of khipus in contemporary communities.

Walter A. Schroeder, AM’58, Opening the Ozarks: A Historical Geography of Missouri’s Ste. Genevieve District, 1760–1830 (University of Missouri Press). Focusing on land acquisition, environmental transformation, and community creation, Schroeder demonstrates how Ste. Genevieve became the starting point for settlements in the eastern Ozarks.

MEDICINE
Virginia Olga Kennick-Beattie Emery, AB’62, PhD’82
, Dementia: Presentations, Differential Diagnosis, and Nosology, second edition (Johns Hopkins University Press). Using a spectrum approach to dementia, Emery examines the boundaries between normal aging and dementia and the conversion of Alzheimer syndrome into a severe progressive inflammatory disorder.

Fitzhugh Mullan, MD’68, Big Doctoring in America: Profiles in Primary Care (University of California Press). Mullan interviews primary-care practitioners and discusses their role in America’s changing health-care landscape.

David Rifkind, MD’57, The Pediatric Abacus: Review of Clinical Formulas and How to Use Them (Parthenon Publishing Group). This collection of clinical formulas for pediatricians is based on Rifkind’s belief that children require different clinical management than do adults.

POLITICAL SCIENCE AND LAW
Richard C. Bennett, AM’62
, Due Process and Professional Licensing: Or Mental Health Professionals Deserve the Same Procedural Rights as Sex Offenders (Listening Press). Bennett offers a systematic study showing that most states’ licensing laws and procedural rights for social workers and mental-health professionals do not comply with the Federal Administrative Procedures Act.

Matthew A. Crenson, AM’65, PhD’69, and Benjamin Ginsberg, AB’68, AM’70, PhD’73, Downsizing Democracy: How America Sidelined Its Citizens and Privatized Its Public (Johns Hopkins University Press). In the 19th century the United States possessed vigorous democratic institutions, but today, argue Crenson and Ginsberg, the voices of ordinary citizens have been replaced by elites using lobbying and litigation to achieve political goals.

Louis Kriesberg, PhB’47, AM’50, PhD’53, Constructive Conflicts: From Escalation to Resolution, second edition (Rowman & Littlefield). Adding contemporary examples, Kriesberg provides strategies for fostering constructive struggles by examining ways in which conflicts are settled and unraveled. He includes case studies of the Al Qaeda network, the Zapatistas, Northern Ireland, Sri Lanka, and the justice and globalization movements.

Charles A. Kromkowski, AM’88, Recreating the American Republic: Rules of Apportionment, Constitutional Change, and American Political Development, 1700–1870 (Cambridge University Press). Kromkowski analyzes when, how, and why rules of apportionment—which affect how collective decisions are made—change, offering a detailed historical narrative of American political development from the colonial years through Reconstruction.

Alfred A. Marcus, AB’71, AM’73, Donald A. Geffen, and Ken Sexton, Reinventing Environmental Regulation: Lessons from Project XL (Resources for the Future Press). The authors highlight inherent difficulties in implementing Project XL, a Clinton-administration effort to improve environmental regulation, and offer suggestions for achieving better outcomes.

Andrew C. Rudalevige, AB’89, Managing the President’s Program: Presidential Leadership and Legislative Policy Formulation (Princeton University Press). Using a theory of “contingent centralization,” Rudalevige outlines the post–World War II formulation of the president’s annual legislative program and its congressional reception.

PSYCHIATRY/PSYCHOLOGY
Raymond J. Corsini, PhD’55
, editor, The Dictionary of Psychology (Brunner-Routledge), Handbook of Innovative (Psycho)therapies (John Wiley). The dictionary includes more than 27,000 definitions and ten appendices of psychology terms. The handbook details 70 psychotherapy systems, including thought-field therapy and eye-movement desensitization and reprocessing.

William A. Hargreaves, AB’53, AM’55, PhD’59, Martha Shumway, Teh-wei Hu, and Brian Cuffel, Cost-Outcome Methods for Mental Health (Academic Press). The authors present an overview of the choices and judgments used to evaluate cost-effectiveness of mental-health treatment. The book guides readers through study design, cost measurement, interventions, outcomes, results analysis, and policy and practice adaptation.

Kelly S. Mix, AM’93, PhD’95, Janellen Huttenlocher, and Susan Cohen Levine, Quantitative Development in Infancy and Early Childhood (Oxford University Press). Mathematical thinking starts before children are taught math in school, assert Mix and U of C professors Huttenlocher and Levine. This book studies the quantitative abilities of infants and young children, finding that number concepts are not inborn but that quantification originates in a sense of overall amount.

Ronald A. Warren, AM’79, PhD’83, The Achievement Paradox: Test Your Personality, Choose Your Behavior for Success at Work (New World Library). Warren looks at the role of personality in job performance. Aimed at employed professionals, the book identifies common personality traits associated with high or low performance and offers tips on changing behavior to increase productivity.

REFERENCE
Orin K. Hargraves, AB’77
, Mighty Fine Words and Smashing Expressions: Making Sense of Transatlantic English (Oxford University Press). The author examines the differences between English dialects in Great Britain and America, providing a detailed look at orthography and grammar. He also includes language usage in areas such as law, medicine, and food.

RELIGION AND PHILOSOPHY
Robert N. McCauley, AM’75, PhD’79
, and E. Thomas Lawson, DB’58, AM’61, PhD’63, Bringing Ritual to Mind: Psychological Foundations of Cultural Forms (Cambridge University Press). The authors review evidence from psychology, anthropology, and history of religions to examine the psychological foundations of religious ritual systems.

Thomas Merton, author, Robert L. Inchausti, PhD’81, editor, Seeds (Shambhala Publications). A Trappist monk and spiritual writer, Merton discusses politics, social justice, foreign policy, technology, and materialism from his religious perspective.

James R. Otteson II, AM’94, PhD’97, Adam Smith’s Marketplace of Life (Cambridge University Press). Otteson examines Adam Smith’s moral philosophy and argues that Smith employed a market-style explanation for large-scale social institutions.

Michael J. Puett, AM’87, PhD’94, To Become a God: Cosmology, Sacrifice, and Self-Divinization in Early China (Harvard University Press). Puett examines the relationship between gods and humans in early China. Reconstructing the debate over whether the human and divine were separate or related entities, he demonstrates that there was more disagreement over cosmological beliefs in early China than commonly believed.

Stanley H. Rosen, AB’49, PhD’55, The Elusiveness of the Ordinary: Studies in the Possibility of Philosophy (Yale University Press). Rosen analyzes the scientific and phenomenological approaches to ordinary life, language, and experiences, drawing on works from Montesquieu, Kant, Heidegger, Aristotle, and others.

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Henry Etzkowitz, AB’62
, MIT and the Rise of Entrepreneurial Science (Routledge). Etzkowitz analyzes how the Massachusetts Institute of Technology created a format for university-industry relations that has since been copied all over the world, showing that interaction between universities and industries has become one of the foundations of successful modern economies.

Donald R. Hopkins, MD’66, The Greatest Killer: Smallpox in History (University of Chicago Press). Hopkins follows smallpox from its beginnings 10,000 years ago in Africa or Asia to today’s threats of smallpox as a terrorist weapon.

Mark Kimmel and David E. Axelrod, SB’62, Branching Processes in Biology (Springer Verlag). The authors provide a theoretical background of branching processes (tools used in applied probability) and discuss the processes’ applications in molecular biology, cellular biology, human evolution, and medicine.

Devra G. Kleiman, SB’64, and Anthony B. Rylands, editors, Lion Tamarins: Biology and Conservation (Smithsonian Institution Press). Detailing the history of research on lion tamarins, small monkeys of the Brazilian rainforests, the essays examine the management and conservation of the four lion tamarin species in captivity and the wild.

Joseph Elster, Oldrich F. Lhotsky, Warwick F. Vincent, Joseph Seckbach, SM’63, PhD’65, editors, Algae and Extreme Environments: Ecology and Physiology (Science Publishers); editor, Evolutionary Pathways and Enigmatic Algae: Cyanidium caldarium (Rhodophyta) and Related Cells (Kluwer Academic Publishers); and editor, Symbiosis: Mechanisms and Model Systems (Kluwer Academic Publishers). Algae and Extreme Environments contains the proceedings of the September 2000 international conference on algae and extreme environments held in the Czech Republic. In Evolutionary Pathways and Enigmatic Algae 20 experts present their views on cellular evolution and the biology of Cyanidium algae and other enigmatic cells. In Symbiosis, the fourth volume in the series Cellular Origin and Life in Extreme Habitats, 50 experts review aspects of symbiosis from gene transfer shared mutual cellular habitats.

SOCIAL SCIENCES
Nachman Ben-Yehuda, AM’76, PhD’77
, Sacrificing Truth: Archaeology and the Myth of Masada (Prometheus Books). The book examines the 1963–65 archaeological excavations of the ancient Jewish fortress at Masada and how the results were used to reinforce popular myths about its defenders.

Jorge L. Duany, AM’79, The Puerto Rican Nation on the Move: Identities on the Island and in the United States (University of North Carolina Press). Duany examines Puerto Rican identity, nationalism, and migration while distinguishing between political and cultural nationalism.

TRAVEL AND LEISURE
Richard L. Lutz, AB’53
, Patagonia: At the Bottom of the World (Dimi Press). Lutz recounts his trip to Patagonia, at the southern tip of South America, and surveys the region’s history, climate, and wildlife.

CDs
Applebaum Jazz Duo
, The Apple Doesn’t Fall Far from the Tree (Innova). Robert S. Applebaum performs 12, two-piano jazz duets with his son, who wrote some of the pieces.

Nicholas R. Filippo, AB’81, Nobody Waiting for Me (Nick Filippo). Combining acoustic and rock ’n’ roll styles, Filippo performs 11 original pieces. CD available at www.nickfilippo.com.

Justin Roberts, AM’99, Not Naptime (Hear Diagonally). Roberts’s CD for children looks at subjects including the structure of the solar system, dealing with schoolyard bullies, and moving to a new home and school.

Morton L. Shallman, AB’81, Love’s Oblivion: A Novel in Twelve Pop Songs (Morty Shallman). Shallman’s, unique “pop novel” is told in a series of twelve melodic song “chapters.” CD available at www.cdbaby.com.


The Alumni Works section includes notices about books, CDs, performances, and exhibits. For inclusion, please send the title of your book, CD, performance, or exhibit; the author's or artist's name; the publisher, distributor, or venue; field; and a short synopsis to the Alumni Works Editor, University of Chicago Magazine, 5801 S. Ellis Ave., Chicago, IL 60637, or by e-mail: uchicago-magazine@uchicago.edu. Because of the large volume of submissions, it takes at least four months from receipt for a notice to appear in print.


 

 

 


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