ART AND ARCHITECTURE
Richard D. Mohr, AB’72, Pottery, Politics,
Art: George Ohr and the Brothers Kirkpatrick (University
of Illinois Press). Mohr uses the medium of clay to explore
the nature of spectacle, bodies, and boundaries, analyzing
the sexual and social obsessions of three American potters
who used the liminal potentials of clay to explore the horrors
and delights of our animal selves.
John P. Ricco,
AM’91, PhD’98, The Logic of the Lure
(University of Chicago Press). Ricco argues that fleeting
erotic or perverse experiences usually dismissed as meaningless—a
wink, a nod, a discarded snapshot—can be used to create
a truly queer notion of ethics and aesthetics, one that
recasts sociality and sexuality, place and finitude in ways
suggested by the anonymity and itinerant lures of cruising.
He considers a range of issues, including the work of such
contemporary artists as Doug Ischar, Tom Burr, and Derek
Jarman and the minor architecture of sex clubs, public restrooms,
Abraham Felber with Franklin
S. Felber, SM’74, and William H. Bartsch, The
Old Breed of Marine: A World War II Diary (McFarland
& Company). This annotated 1941–45 diary kept
by 1st Sgt. A. Felber includes a bibliography, indexes,
and 56 photographs. Felber’s diary covers the first-wave
assault on Guadalcanal and combat in the Cape Gloucester
Thomas P. Glynn,
AB’58, A Child’s Christmas in Chicago
(iUniverse.com). These stories, set around Christmas time,
are about growing up in Chicago during the 1940s and 1950s.
Alex C. Michalos, DB’61, AM’61,
PhD’65, and Deborah C. Poff, editors, Bernard
Shaw and the Webbs (University of Toronto Press). This
new volume in the series Selected Correspondence of Bernard
Shaw contains 140 annotated letters between Shaw and his
life-long friends Beatrice and Sidney Webb. The letters,
74 previously unpublished, reveal the political side of
Shaw as he and the Webbs helped build the Fabian Society,
the British Labour Party, the London School of Economics,
the New Statesman, and an impressive body of literature.
Grace Partin Moremen,
AM’56, Adolphus Frederick, Duke of Cambridge—Steadfast
Son of King George III, 1774–1850 (Edwin Mellen
Press). The first full biography of Adolphus Frederick,
the youngest son of King George III, argues that of his
father’s seven surviving sons, Adolphus was the most
successful at internalizing the king’s concept of
royal duty, living a purposeful and productive life in a
time of immense technological, political, and social change.
Eduardo R. Gomes, PhD’98,
Ana Kirschner, and Paola Cappellin, editors, Empresa,
Empresários, E Globalização (Relume
Dumará Editora). This collection of essays by Latin
American, European, and North American scholars focuses
on new challenges to entrepreneurs and enterprises in the
globalized world, including individual and collective restructuring,
succession, business culture, and social responsibility.
David E. Gumpert,
AB’68, Burn Your Business Plan: What Investors
Really Want from Entrepreneurs (Lauson Publishing).
Gumpert argues against the conventional wisdom that entrepreneurs
must prepare a written business plan before starting a business.
Using research, a survey of professional investors, and
his own experience, he suggests devoting startup resources
to areas such as preparing a presentation, developing a
Web site, and publicity.
Tavakoli, MBA’81, Collateralized Debt Obligations
and Structured Finance: New Development in Cash and Synthetic
Securitization (John Wiley and Sons). Tavakoli explains
uses and abuses of structured products including special-purpose
entities used by Enron.
Elizabeth A. Fama, AB’85, MBA’91,
PhD’96, Overboard (Cricket Books).
Escaping from a sinking ferry off Sumatra, 14-year-old Emily
fights to save herself and a young Indonesian boy, in the
process learning about his Islamic faith.
Christopher T. Hodgkins, AM’82,
PhD’88, Reforming Empire: Protestant Colonialism
and Conscience in British Literature (University of
Missouri Press). For more than four centuries, Hodgkins
argues, the Protestant imagination gave the British Empire
both its main paradigms for dominion and its chief languages
of anti-imperial dissent. From Spenser’s Faerie Queene
to Kipling’s The Man Who Would Be King, English literature
about empire often turned to themes of worship and idolatry,
atrocity and deliverance, slavery and service, conversion,
prophecy, apostasy, and doom.
Cecile Leung, AM’86,
PhD’93, Etienne Fourmont (1683–1745):
Oriental and Chinese Languages in Eighteenth Century France
(Leuven University Press). Leung details the life of Fourmont,
the first French scholar to deal with Chinese matters, from
childhood to his career at the Académie des Inscriptions
et Belles-Lettres and the Bibliothèque Royale in
Paris. She also analyzes Fourmont’s two Chinese grammars,
the Meditationes Sinicae (1737) and the Linguae
Sinarum Mandarinicae Hieroglyphae (1742), recapturing
the beginning of sinology in 18th-century France.
Robert Palter, PhD’52,
The Duchess of Malfi’s Apricots and Other Literary
Fruits (University of South Carolina Press). Palter
investigates how fruit has been used in literature to express
human experience from desire, love, and religious fervor
to anger, hate, and horror. Citing hundreds of examples
from two dozen languages, he discusses genres including
short stories, lyric poems, nursery rhymes, and librettos.
John E. Chubb and Tom S. Loveless,
PhD’92, editors, Bridging the Achievement
Gap (Brookings Institution Press). What can be done
to bridge the gap in achievement levels between students
of different backgrounds? Strategies outlined include: focusing
on core academic skills, reducing class size, enrolling
students in more challenging courses, administering annual
achievement tests, creating schools with a culture of competition
and success, and offering vouchers in big-city school districts
to bridge the information gap between white, African American,
and Hispanic students.
Myles I. Friedman,
AM’57, PhD’59, Charles W. Hatch, Jacqueline
E. Jacobs, Aileen C. Lau-Dickinson, Amanda B. Nickerson,
and Katherine C. Schnepel, Educators’ Handbook
on Effective Testing (The Institute for Evidence-Based
Decision-Making in Education). The authors present guidelines
for constructing, selecting, and defending tests educators
use. Designed as a resource to help educators meet federal
and state accountability standards, the book evaluates some
100 tests frequently used in education.
Jeanette M. Clough, AM’77,
Cantatas (Tebot Bach). Clough’s second collection
of poems has been described by poet David St. John as “a
hymnal of possibility for living in our difficult world.”
Michael J. Curley,
PhD’73, translator, Alessandro Manzoni,
Two Plays (Peter Lang Publishing). Curley provides
new translation of the 19th-century Italian novelist’s
two Romantic dramas, The Count of Carmagnola (1820)
and Adelchi (1822).
Richard R. Grose,
AM’78, PhD’91, translator, The Rehabilitation
of Freud and Bakhtin and Others (Other Press). Grose
translates from the Russian two Victor Beilis stories that
examine the inner freedom of the individual. Grose’s
introduction helps orient the reader to the world of the
former Soviet Union, and his afterword offers a historical
Terra Ziporyn, AM’81,
PhD’85, The Bliss of Solitude (Xlibris).
This novel tells the story of Iris Cloud, who hid her illegitimate
pregnancy by retreating from her suburban Boston family
to rural Vermont. Her life is disrupted 20 years later by
her search for her daughter’s father, Jack, a would-be
Rosario Montoya, Lessie J. Frazier,
AB’89, and Janise Hurtig, editors, Gender’s
Place: Feminist Anthropologies of Latin America (Palgrave
Macmillan). Built around the concept of desalambrar (to
tear down fences), these essays, integrating theoretical
issues and ethnographic cases, explore how the interrelationship
of gender and place acts as a lens for analyzing the cultural,
social, and historical specificity of gender and other social
Kathleen A. Brosnan, PhD’99,
Uniting Mountain and Plain: Cities, Law, and Environmental
Change along the Front Range (University of New Mexico
Press). Linking widely separated ecosystems in the urban-based
economy, entrepreneurs in Denver, Colorado Springs, and
Pueblo prompted irrevocable environmental changes and restructured
how the region’s inhabitants related to the land and
each other, argues Brosnan. As a result, Hispanic and Native
American people who had lived in Colorado since long before
the gold rush were marginalized or displaced.
Timothy J. Mullin,
JD’73, Special Operations: Weapons and
Tactics (Greenhill Publishing). Mullin outlines the
proper selection of weapons for civil and military special-operations
teams, covers training methods and ethical issues, and discusses
policy concerns in the use of special-ops teams for military
and civil applications.
SCIENCE AND LAW
Robert M. Eisinger, AM’90, PhD’96,
The Evolution of Presidential Polling (Cambridge University
Press). Eisinger examines the history of presidential in-house
polling operations, arguing that presidents use private
polls because they do not trust alternative measures of
Anthony I. Ogus and Michael
G. Faure, LLM’85, Economie du droit: le
cas français (Edition Penthéon). The
authors (Ogus is a visiting scholar at the Law School) apply
economic analysis of law to French legal issues in a work
meant to introduce French lawyers to this Chicago-style
Ido Oren, PhD’92,
Our Enemies and US: America’s Rivalries and the
Making of Political Science (Cornell University Press).
Oren argues that U.S. political scientists’ portrayals
of Imperial Germany, Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy, and Stalinist
Russia all darkened after these regimes became the nation’s
enemies and that portrayals of America itself have also
been shaped by international rivalries. Pointing to the
discipline’s long-term, intimate relationship with
U.S. national security agencies, he calls into question
American political science’s self-image as an objective
science that is somehow attached to democracy.
David H. Rosenbloom,
AM’66, PhD’69, Administrative Law
for Public Managers (Westview Press). Rosenbloom considers
U.S. federal administrative law from the perspectives of
practicing public administration. Using nontechnical terms
he explains how such law makes contemporary public administration
more compatible with U.S. democratic constitutionalism.
Joseph White, AB’76,
False Alarm: Why the Greatest Threat to Social Security
and Medicare Is the Campaign to “Save” Them
(Johns Hopkins University Press). White argues against
the common belief that Social Security and Medicare are
unaffordable “entitlements” that threaten the
economy and societal fairness as the Baby Boomers retire.
He focuses on the logic of social insurance, how Social
Security and Medicare work, and the effect of proposed reforms.
Sharon A. Heller, AM’76,
Too Bright, Too Fast, Too Tight: What to Do If You Are
Sensory Defensive in an Overstimulating World (HarperCollins).
As much as 15 percent of the population can’t tune
out sensations such as bright lights, loud music, and large
crowds and react with irritation, anger, alarm, or pain.
Such sensory defensiveness can mimic, result in, or exaggerate
psychiatric conditions, including anxiety, panic disorder,
depression, obsessive-compulsive behavior, or anorexia.
A developmental psychologist, Heller offers coping techniques.
Nathan Aviezer, PhD’65,
Fossils and Faith: Understanding Torah and Science
(Ktav Publishing). Focusing on the essence of religion,
including faith, prayer, miracles, free will, chaos, and
human evolution, Aviezer argues that the complexity of the
physical universe revealed in recent decades provides the
framework for understanding the modes of interaction between
God and his world.
AM’65, PhD’70, Philosophy and This
Actual World: An Introduction to Practical Philosophical
Inquiry (Rowman & Littlefield). Drawing on William
James and Ludwig Wittgenstein, Benjamin addresses questions
of knowledge, reality, mind, will, and ethics, as well as
questions about moral pluralism, assisted suicide, the nature
of death, and life’s meaning.
William D. Dean,
AM’64, PhD’67, The American Spiritual
Culture: And the Invention of Jazz, Football, and the Movies
(Continuum International). Describing Americans as a pragmatic,
culturally displaced, immigrant people, drawn to a concept
of God both pragmatic and attentive to tradition and mystery,
Dean posits a national spiritual culture based in three
quintessential popular culture forms, arguing that they
are also forms of religious expression: jazz (improvisation),
football (violence), and the movies (fantasy).
Jurgensen, AM’75, DMn’82, Psalms
of Comfort: Comforting Passages from the Book of Psalms
(Fairway Press). Each page, representing a separate
conversation with Jesus, presents someone coping with a
difficult situation, quotes pertinent words from Psalms,
and concludes with insights from the Gospels.
John G. Stackhouse
Jr., PhD’87, Humble Apologetics: Defending
the Faith Today (Oxford University Press); editor,
Evangelical Futures: Facing Critical Issues of the Day
(Baker Academic); Church: An Insider’s Look
at How We Do It (Baker Academic); editor, What
Does It Mean to Be Saved? Broadening Evangelical Horizons
of Salvation (Baker Academic). The first book is an
attempt to revive the Classic Christian defense (apologia)
of the faith in the face of questions raised by the contemporary
world. The second is a series of academic essays on North
American evangelicalism. In Church Stackhouse takes
an insider’s look at North American church life from
money and literacy to membership and renewal. The last book
is a third volume in a series of essays by leading theologians.
Bertie Josephson Weddell, AB’69,
Conserving Living Natural Resources in the Context of
a Changing World (Cambridge University Press). This
introductory conservation-biology and resource-management
text presents three approaches to managing living natural
resources: harvesting featured species and controlling unwanted
species, protecting and restoring populations and habitats
to maintain biodiversity, and managing complex ecosystems
to sustain both productivity and biodiversity. Rather than
endorse a single approach, Weddell investigates the historical
and philosophical contexts and the limitations of each.
George J. Andreopoulos, AB’76,
editor, Concepts and Strategies in International Human
Rights (Peter Lang). Andreopoulos and colleagues analyze
and assess some main achievements of the human-rights movement
and its current challenges. These challenges primarily relate
to the relevance of the conceptual framework within which
the human-rights movement has operated, as well as the need
for effective promotion and protection.
AM’77, PhD’82, Standing Ground: Yurok
Indian Spirituality, 1850–1990 (University of
California Press). Buckley uses dialogue to weave together
narratives and interpretations, establish Yurok cultural
and spiritual persistence, and suggest a way to understand
cultures as processes of time rather than reified epistemic
Thomas J. Cottle,
AM’63, PhD’68, At Peril: Stories
of Injustice (University of Massachusetts Press); Mind
Fields: Adolescent Consciousness in a Culture of Distraction
(Peter Lang Publishing); Intimate Appraisals: The
Social Writings of Thomas J. Cottle (University Press
of New England); and Hardest Times: The Trauma of Long
Term Unemployment (Praeger Publishers). In the first
book Cottle gathers personal accounts by children and adults
that address social concerns from youth crime and domestic
violence to public education and health care. Mind Fields
argues that adolescence is essentially a social construct
and that to understand young people is to recognize how
their consciousness is shaped by an entertainment industry
constantly urging them to turn away from the normal evolution
of their personal and social lives. The third book is a
collection of Cottle’s writings on American culture
and how it both liberates and imprisons various social groups.
The final book, an examination of what happens to men and
their families when they remain out of work for longer than
six months, describes long-term unemployment as a traumatic
event with symptoms of loss and post-trauma.
Thomas W. Dichter,
AM’69, PhD’76, Despite Good Intentions:
Why Development Assistance to the Third World Has Failed
(University of Massachusetts Press). Dichter reviews
major trends in foreign aid since the 1950s, combining his
analysis with 18 vignettes from 35 years of field experience.
Arguing that the development industry has become caught
up in self-perpetuation, he shows how an emphasis on money
rather than ideas has reinforced the tendency to shape development
efforts as time-bound projects, thus creating dependency
among aid recipients. He advocates a less direct approach:
fewer agencies, much less money, and relatively few experts.
Dan W. Forsyth,
AM’76, Reinterpreting Freud from a Modern
Psychoanalytic Anthropological Perspective (Edwin Mellen
Press). The book presents an interdisciplinary argument
for the universality of the Oedipus complex and for the
importance of oedipal fantasy in human life.
Timothy C. Guile,
AM’72, PhD’79, An Anthology of Menominee
Sayings (Lincom-Europa). The anthology offers 450 sayings—with
English translations and linguistic and cultural notes—in
the Menominee language, ranging from weather and fishing-hunting
rules to signs of good or ill luck. Grammar, phonology,
and vocabulary sections serve as points of comparison with
an earlier description of the Algonquian language carried
out by former Chicago faculty member Leonard Bloomfield.
Donald W. Jones,
AM’72, PhD’74, External Relations
of Early Iron Age Crete, 1100–600 B.C. (University
of Pennsylvania Museum Press) and Peak Sanctuaries and
Sacred Caves in Minoan Crete: A Comparison of Artifacts
(Paul Astroms Forlag). The first work uses contemporary
economic models to interpret evidence showing contacts between
Crete and the rest of the Mediterranean world from the fall
of the Late Bronze Age palace system to the beginning of
the Classical Period in Greece. In the second book Jones
uses the evidence from mobile artifacts found at two major
types of sanctuary on Crete to trace changes and continuities
in religious practices and relationships between apparent
religious and political changes, from roughly 3000 to 1000
Robin A. Kirk, AB’82,
More Terrible Than Death: Massacres, Drugs, and America’s
War in Colombia (PublicAffairs). Kirk maps the social,
political, economic, and human devastation wrought by the
drug war in Colombia. Describing the relationship between
the United States and Colombia in human terms and drawing
from her own experiences as a human-rights investigator,
she offers an insider’s analysis of the political
realities that shape the expanding war on drugs and the
growing U.S. military presence in Colombia.
Brett E. Klopp,
AM’92, PhD’00, German Multiculturalism:
Immigrant Integration and the Transformation of Citizenship
(Greenwood Publishing Group). Klopp examines the issues
of immigration, integration, and multiculturalism in Germany
through the perspectives of both immigrants and institutions
(unions, employers, schools, neighborhoods, and city government).
Immigration patterns and increasing heterogeneity, he argues,
can produce the condition for social transformation, already
challenging and gradually transforming the boundaries of
citizenship and the nation of Germany.
William M. Leiter,
AM’58, PhD’68, and Samuel Leiter, Affirmative
Action in Antidiscrimination Law and Policy: An Overview
and Synthesis (State University of New York Press).
The volume is an account of the nation’s race, ethnic,
and gender-conscious policy for eradicating discrimination
in employment, education, voting, and housing.
Diane P. Mines,
AM’85, PhD’95, and
Sarah E. Lamb, AM’88, PhD’93, editors,
Everyday Life in South Asia (Indiana University
Press). The contributors present firsthand accounts of quotidian
life in India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka.
The accounts look at growing up and aging, arranging marriages,
exploring sexuality, negotiating caste hierarchies, practicing
religion, participating in politics and popular culture,
enduring violence as nations are built, and moving abroad
to make new lives.
AM’65, PhD’68, JD’74, The Culture
of Islam: Changing Aspects of Contemporary Muslim Life (University
of Chicago Press). An anthropologist who has worked for
several decades in North Africa, Rosen shows how key aspects
and tenets of Muslim life are being challenged and culturally
refashioned. Through a series of tales—a group of
friends struggling against daily corruption, Salman Rushdie’s
vision of doubt in a world of religious certainty—he
shows how an array of changes—the creation of “Euro-Islam,”
a new emphasis on individuals rather than institutions—occur
in a context of deeply embedded continuity.